Library‎ > ‎

Bibliography


[6deploy 2012] 6deploy, IPv6 Deployment and Support, 2012.

[AAAC 2019] AAAC, Digital Platforms Inquiry, 2019.

[AAF 2012] Africa Asia Forum on Network Research & Engineering (AAF), 2012.

[AAU 2012] Association of African Universities (AAU), 2012.

[Abba 1992] Laura Abba, Stefano Giordano, and Stefano Trumpy, RINAF: A Network Interconnection Project of Academic and Research Institutions in Africa,” Proc. 1992 INET, Kobe, Jun. 1992.

[Abba 2012] Laura Abba and Giorgio Giunchi, Happy Birthday Internet Society, 2012.

[Abbatte 1999] Janet Abbatte, Inventing the Internet, MIT Press, 1999.

[Abramson 1985] Norman Abramson, “Data Communications and Information Exchange Network (ASTINFONET): Pilot Project, Phase 1,” UNESCO, Technical Report RP/1984-1985/VII.1.3, Jun. 1985.

[ACM 2017] ACM SIGCOMM History Resources, 2017.

[Adams 1992] Clement W Adams, Samitha Amarasiri, Gihan V Dias, and Abhaya S Induruwa, "Implementing Computer-Based Communication Services in Sri Lanka," Proc.12th National Computer Conference, Sri Lanka, Feb. 1992.

[Adler 1994] Prue Adler, Kilnam Chon, et al., "InterNIC Midterm Evaluation and Recommendations - A Panel Report to the National Science Foundation," NSF, Dec. 1994.

[AFIPS 1970] AFIPS, "Set of five papers on ARPANET; Roberts, Heart, Heinrod, Frank, Carr," 1970.

[AFIPS 1972] AFIPS, "Set of five papers on ARPANET," 1972.

[AfNOG 2012] The African Network Operators' Group (AfNOG), 2012.

[AfriNIC 2012] African Network Information Center (AfriNIC), 2012.

[AfTLD 2012] African Top Level Domains Organization (AfTLD), 2012.

[AI3 2012] AI3, Past Meetings and Minutes, 2012.

[Al-Tawil 2014] Khalid M. Al-Tawil, The Internet in Saudi Arabia, 2014.

[Alexa 2012] Alexa, Top Sites in Sri Lanka, 2012.

[Alexa 2013] Alexa.com, 2013.

[Alibaba 2016] Alibaba, Electronic World Trade Platform, 2016.

[Alipay 2020] Alipay, Wikipedia, 2020.

[ANC 1993]  ANC Secretariat, “APCCIRN Meeting Minutes, Honolulu, 1993.1," ANC-93-078, Feb. 1993.

[Anderson 2010] Chris Anderson and Michael Wolff, "The Web Is Dead. Long Live the Internet," Wired Magazine, Sep. 2000.

[APAN 2014] Asia Pacific Advanced Network Consortium (APAN), 2014.

[APBioNet 2014] Asia Pacific BioInformatics Network (APBioNet), 2014.

[APCCIRN 1993] APCCIRN, Minutes of APCCIRN/APEPG Meeting, Honolulu, 12-13 Jan. 1993.

[APCERT 2012] APCERT, Annual Conference, 2012.

[APIA 2012] APIA, Annual General Meeting Minutes, 2012.

[APIX 2013] Asia Pacific Internet Exchange Association (APIX), 2013.

[APNG 1998] Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG), 1998.

[APNG 2013] APNG, About APNG & APNG Camp, 2013.

[APNIC 1993] APNIC, Asia Pacific Network Information Center Pilot Project Midterm Status Report, APNIC-006, 10 Dec. 1993.

[APNIC 1993b] APNIC,Various Proposals for the Asia Pacific Network Information Center," APNIC-004, 10 Dec. 1993, 

[APNIC 1994] APNIC, Announcement of First APNIC Meeting, 1994.

[APNIC 1995] APNIC, Attendee List, 16 Jan. 1995. 

[APNIC 1995b] APNIC, “IP Network Address Appliction Form Supporting Notes," APNIC-001, 16 Feb, 1995.

[APNIC 1995c] APNIC, “The APNIC Funding Plan and Current Status," APNIC-013, 1 Sep. 1995.

[APNIC 1996] APNIC, APNIC Status Report," Third APNIC Meeting, Singapore, Jan. 1996.

[APNIC 2012] APNIC, APNIC Timeline, 2012.

[APNIC 2013] APNIC, About APNIC, Feb. 2013.

[APNIC 2014] APNIC, IPv4 address exhaustion at APNIC, 2014.

[APOPS 2013] The Asia Pacific OPeratorS Forum (APOPS), 2013.

[APRICOT 2012] APRICOT, About APRICOT, 2012.

[APrIGF 2013] Asia Pacific regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF), 2013.


[APrIGF 2017] Asia Pacific regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF), 2017Bangkok Synthesis Document, 2017.

[APSTAR 2012] APSTAR, AP* Retreats, 2012.

[APTLD 1998] APTLD, ""BIRDS OF A FEATHER" SESSIONS," 18 Feb. 1998.

[APTLD 1998b] APTLD, "Draft Minutes of the APccTLD Inaugural Meeting," 21 Jul. 1998.

[APTLD 1998c] APTLD, "The minutes of an APccTLD meeting on 12 Aug. 1998," 12 Aug. 1998.

[APTLD 1999] APTLD, "Ad Hoc APTLD Meeting Minutes," 24 May 1999.

[APTLD 1999b] APTLD, "APTLD Member Meeting Agenda," 21 Jun. 1999.

[APTLD 2000] APTLD, "APTLD First Two Years," 1 Aug. 2000.

[APTLD 2000b] APTLD, "APTLD Principles," posted 25 Oct. 1999, revised 9 Jun. 2000.

[APTLD 1999c] APTLD, "APTLD Member Meeting Draft Minutes," 5 Nov. 1999.

[APTLD 2000c] APTLD, "APTLD Seoul Member Meeting Summary – Draft," 29 Feb. 2000.

[APTLD 2000d] APTLD, "APTLD Letter of Intent," 1 Jul. 2000.

[APTLD 2000e] APTLD, "Minutes of the Annual General Meeting of the APTLD Held in Yokohama on July 18 2000," 18 Jul. 2000.

[APTLD 2000f] APTLD, "Minutes of The Meeting of the APTLD Board," 20-21 Oct. 2000.

[APTLD 2000g] APTLD, "Meeting Minutes of APTLD Board/ Members Meeting," 11 Nov. 2000.

[APTLD 2001] APTLD, "APTLD Board Meeting Minutes 2001 in KL," 24 Feb. 2001.

[APTLD 2001b] APTLD, "APTLD Member Meeting Agenda in Melbourne," 11 Mar. 2001.

[APTLD 2001c] APTLD, "APTLD Board & Member Meeting in Stockholm," 30 May 2001.

[APTLD 2001d] APTLD, "Communique of the ccTLD Constituency – Stockholm," 1 Jun. 2001.

[APTLD 2001e] APTLD, "APTLD Statement on ccSO Principles," 26 Aug. 2001.

[APTLD 2001f] APTLD, "APTLD Ad Hoc Board Meeting & Joint Outreach Seminar in Taipei," 26 Aug. 2001.

[APTLD 2001g] APTLD, "APTLD Uruguay Meeting Minutes," 5 Sep. 2001.

[APTLD 2001h] APTLD, "APTLD Los Angeles (Informal) Meeting Minutes (Draft)," 10 Nov. 2001.

[APTLD 2002] APTLD, "APTLD Board Meeting and AGM Minutes (DRAFT)," 3 Mar. 2002.

[APTLD 2002b] APTLD, "Statement from APTLD Members Meeting in Bangkok," Thailand, 3 Mar. 2002.

[APTLD 2002c] APTLD, "APTLD Bucharest Meeting Minutes," 23 Jun. 2002.

[APTLD 2002d] APTLD, "APTLD Member Meeting Minutes," 14 Sep. 2002.

[APTLD 2002e] APTLD, "APTLD Board Meeting Minutes," 15 Sep. 2002.

[APTLD 2002f] APTLD, "Communique," 15 Sep. 2002.

[APTLD 2002g] APTLD, "APTLD Members' Meeting Minutes," 26 Oct. 2002.

[APTLD 2002h] APTLD, "APTLD Board Meeting Minutes," 26 Oct. 2002.

[APTLD 2002i] APTLD, "Communique," 26 Oct. 2002.

[APTLD 2003] APTLD, "Communique of APTLD Meeting in Taipei," 24 Feb. 2003.

[APTLD 2002j] APTLD, "APTLD response to the ccNSO Assistance Group's Preliminary Recommendation on Policy-Development Process," 2002.

[APTLD 2003b] APTLD, "APTLD AGM’s Response to the ccNSO Assistance Group’s Recommendations," 24 Feb. 2003.

[APTLD 2003c] APTLD, "Comments of APTLD on the Latest ERC Report," 16 May 2003.

[APTLD 2003d] APTLD, "APTLD Response to ERC's Response to Comments Received on ccNSO Recommendations," 29 May 2003.

[APTLD 2003e] APTLD, "Constitution of Asia Pacific Top Level Domain Association," 30 May 2003.

[APTLD 2003f] APTLD, "APTLD Members Meeting Minutes," 30 May 2003.

[APTLD 2003g] APTLD, "APTLD Busan Members' Meeting Minutes," 23 Aug. 2003.

[APTLD 2003h] APTLD, "APTLD Board Meeting Minutes," 23 Aug. 2003.

[APTLD 2003i] APTLD, "Ad Hoc APTLD Board Meeting Minutes," 30 Oct. 2003.

[APTLD 2003j] APTLD,  "APTLD Wellington Members' Meeting Minutes," 23 Nov. 2003.

[APTLD 2003k] APTLD, "APTLD Wellington Board Meeting Minutes," 23 Nov. 2003.

[APTLD 2003l] APTLD, "APTLD Wellington Communique," 23 Nov. 2003.

[APTLD 2012] APTLD, "APTLD Meetings," 2012.

[Archive 2020] Archive.org, 2020.

[Apple 2007] Apple, Apple reinvents the phone with iPhone, 2007.

[Asaba 1992] Toshiya Asaba, K. Claffy, Osamu Nakamura, and Jun Murai, “An Analysis of International Academic Research Network Traffic between Japan and Other Nations,”  Proc. 1992 INET, Kobe, Jun. 1992. 

[ASEM 2000] ASEM, "Chairman's Statement of the Third Asia-Europe Meeting," ASEM 3 Summit, Seoul, Oct. 2000.

[ASEM 2006] ASEM, "10 Years of ASEM: Global Challenges and Joint Responses," ASEM 6 Summit, Helsinki, Sep. 2006.

[Asia 2012] InternetHistory.AsiaLibrary2012.

[Asia 2013b] InternetHistory.Asia, APCCIRN/APNG, 2013

[Asia 2013] Asia Internet History Project, 2013.

[Asia 2016] Asia Internet History Project, Third Decade (2000s), 2016.

[Asia 2020] Asia Internet History Project, InternetHistory.asia, 2020.

[Atasoy 2011] Hilal Atasoy, "ICT Use and Labor: Firm-Level Evidence from Turkey," NET Institute Working Paper No. 11-23, Oct. 2011
.

[Atici 2010] B. Atici, "Information Society Statistics and Indicators: A Case Study of Turkey," African Journal of Business Management, vol.4, no.7, Jul. 2010, pp. 1363-1371.

[Babbage 2002] Charles Babbage Institute, Alex McKenzie Collection of Computer Network Development Records: 1969-1990, Jul. 2002.

[Baeza-Yates 1993] Ricardo Baeza-Yates, José M. Piquer,and Patricio V. Poblete,  “The Chilean Internet Connection or I Never Promised You a Rose Garden,” Proc. 1993 INET, San Francisco, Aug. 1993. 

[Baker 2012]  Fred Baker, Internet History, 2012. [ppt]

[Bangladesh 2012] Bangladesh Directory, 2012.

[Baran 2002] Paul Baran, “The Beginnings of Packet Switching: Some Underlying Concepts,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.40, no.7, Jul. 2002, pp.42-48.

[Bartle 1990] Richard Bartle, Early MUD History, 1990

[BBN 1981] BBN, "A History of the ARPANET: the First Decade," Report Number 4799, 1981.4.1. [same as DARPA 1981]

[Belson 2014] David Belson, Ed., Akamai’s State of The Internet, Akamai Technologies, Inc., Jun. 2014. 

[Benkler 2010] Y. Benkler, R. Faris, R., U. Gasser, L. Miyakawa, and S. Schultze, "Next Generation Connectivity: A Review of Broadband Internet Transitions and Policy from around the World," Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Feb. 2010.

[Benkler 2018] Yochai Benkler, et al., Network Propaganda, 2018.

[Berlin 2015] Berlin Internet Museum, 2015.

[Bernama 2009] Bernama.com, “122 Households involved in TM High Speed Broadband Trials,” Bernama.com, Dec. 2009.

[Berners-Lee 1993] Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, Nicola Pellow, Arthur Secret, “The World-Wide Web Initiative,” Proc. INET’93, San Francisco, Jun. 1993.

[BII 2020] Beijing Internet Institute Group, 2020.

[BITNET 1990] BITNET, BITNET Topology as of 2 August 19, 1990.

[BITNET 1997] BITNET, "BITNET/EARN/NETNORTH Topology as of 19 January 1987," EDUCOM Electronic Document, Jan. 1997.

[Black 2012] Black Sea Interconnection, 2012.

[Black 2013] Black Sea Interconnection, 2013.

[Blokzijl 1990] R. Blokzijl, Y. Devillers, D. Karrenberg, and R. Volk, RIPE Network Coordination Center (RIPE NCC)," RIPE-019, Sep. 1990.

[Borden 1980] Bruce S. Borden, Howard S. Charney, Robert M. Metcalfe, and Gregory L. Shaw, UNET -- Standard Communication Protocols for Unix,” A Seminar Presented by 3Com Corporation, Nov. 1980.

[Boston 2012] Boston Consulting Group, e-Intensity Index, 2012.

[Boxmining 2020 ] Boxmining, DECEP: China’s National Digital Currency Overview, 2020.3.29.

[Brown 2019] Brown University, A Half-Century of Hypertext at Brown: Session 1, 2019.

[Brownlee 1994] Nevil Brownlee, "New Zealand Experiences with Network Traffic Charging," Connexions, vol.8, no.12, 1994.

[Bushan 1971] A. Bushan, File Transfer Protocol, NWG, RFC 114, 1971

[Buleshev 1994] Bakhtiar Buleshev, "Research Computer Networks in Kazakhstan," Proc. NATO Advanced Networking Workshop, Moscow, 1994. 

[Burham 2007] J. B. Burnham, "Telecommunications policy in Turkey: Dismantling Barriers to Growth," Telecommunications Policyvol. 31, no. 3–4, Apr.–May 2007, pp.197–208.

[Bush 1993] Randy Bush, FidoNet: technology, tools, and history, CACM, August 1993.

[Bush 2002] Randy Bush and D. Meyer, Some Internet architecture guideline and philosophy, RFC3439, 2002.

[Callon 2018] Ross Callon, Some lesson from history, IETF, 2018.7.

[CANARIE 2012] Canada’s Advanced Research and Innovation Network (CANARIE), 2012.

[Caribbean 2012] Caribbean Knowledge and Learning Network (C@ribNET), 2012.

[Carpenter 1996] Brian Carpenter, Architectural Principle of Internet, RFC1958, 1996. (RFC3439 made the addition)

[Carpenter 2013] Brian Carpenter, Network Geeks: How They Build the Internet, Springer, 2013.

[Casa 2020] Casa del Libro, Como Creamos Internet, 2020.

[CCIRN 1987]  CCIRN, “Meeting Report of Necessary Ad-Hoc Coordinating Committee (NACC),” CCIRN Meeting, Brussels, Dec. 1987.

[CCIRN 1988] CCIRN, “Purpose of CCIRN,” CCIRN Meeting, Geneva, May 1988. 

[CCIRN 1992] CCIRN, "Minutes of CCIRN Meeting," Tokyo, Jun. 1992.

[CCIRN 2012]  Coordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networking (CCIRN), 2012.

[CCIRN 2013] CCIRNCCIRN Website, Feb. 2013. 

[Cerf 1982] Vint Cerf, “Packet Satellite Technology Reference Sources,” IETF, RFC 829, Nov. 1982.

[Cerf 1990] Vint Cerf, “IAB Recommended Policy on Distributing Internet Identifier Assignment and IAB Recommended Policy Change to Internet 'Connected' Status,” IETF, RFC 1174, Aug. 1990. 

[Cerf 1995]  Vint Cerf, IETF and the Internet Society, Jul. 1995,  .

[CERNET 2013] China Education and Research Network (CERNET), 2013.

[CES 2020] Consumer Electronics Summit (CES), 2020.

[Chatham 2016] Chatham House, Journal of Cyber Policy, Volume 1, 2016.

[Chapagain 2007] D.P. Chapagain, “Regional Overview of Policy & Legislations on Provision of ICT Access for Disadvantaged Communities through Public-Private Partnership," Bangkok, Dec. 2007.

[Chen 2005] Vincent Chen, "Taiwan Internet chronological history - 1985.04~2005.03," 2005. [in Chinese/English]

[Chen 2005b] Vincent Chen,"Taiwan Internet Development History: Final Report," Taiwan, 2005. [in Chinese]

[China 2013] The China Story, 2013.

[China 2015] China's Internet Advances, Ecns.cn,  2015.

[China 2015b] China Internet Museum, www.Internet.cn, 2015.

[Choi 1993] Uhhyung (Woohyung) Choi, Kilnam Chon, and Hyun Je Park, “Korean Character Encoding for Internet Messages,” IETF, RFC 1557, Dec. 1993.

[Chon 1981] Kilnam Chon, "SDN - Preliminary," KIET Internal Memo, Gumi, Korea, 1981. (2011.12.29 revised).

[Chon 1983] Kilnam Chon, “System Development Network (SDN),” presentation (in Korean), 1983.10.

[Chon 1983b] Kilnam Chon, Unix-based computer networking, Research Report, KAIST, Feb. 1983.

[Chon 1984] Kilnam Chon and Kwangmoo Choe, "Country papers on the state of the use of microcomputers in the computer education, Korea," Proc. Workshop on the Use of Microcomputers in Computer Education, Singapore, 22-24 Feb. 1984.

[Chon 1984b] Kilnam Chon, et al., "System Development Network (SDN)," Proc.TENCON, Singapore, 1984.4.

[Chon 1985] Kilnam Chon, "Research Computer Networks in Pacific and Asia," Jul. 1985.

[Chon 1985b] Kilnam Chon, “National and Regional Computer Networks for Academic and Research Committee in the Pacific Region,” Proc. Pacific Computer Communications Symposium, Seoul, Oct. 1985, pp.560-566.

[Chon 1985c] Kilnam Chon et al., “SDN: A Computer Network for Korean Research Community,” Proc. Pacific Computer Communications Symposium, Seoul, Oct. 1985, pp.567-570.
[Chon 1985d] Kilnam Chon and Sunyoung Han, Asia Net, Proceedings of Interoffice'85, Jakarta, 1985.3.27-29.

[Chon 1986] Kilnam Chon, Ed., "Research and Development Networks in the World," Draft, 1986.

[Chon 1987] Kilnam Chon, “SDN and PACNET,” Proc. Joint Workshop on Computer Communications, 1987.

[Chon 1991] Kilnam Chon, “Computer Networks for Korean Academic and Research Communities,” Proc. 1991 INET, Copenhagen, Jun. 1991.

[Chon 1991b] Kilnam Chon, "Academic & Research Computer Networks: Past, Present and Future," Oct. 1991. [in Korean]

[Chon 1992] Kilnam Chon, “Report of APCCIRN Meeting (Japan 1992.6),” APCCIRN, APCCIRN-006, Aug. 1992.  

[Chon 1993] Kilnam Chon, "Description of work items," ANC, ANC-93-085, Mar. 1993.

[Chon 1993b] Kilnam Chon, "Area of Work for APCCIRN (Draft)," ANC, ANC-93-086, Mar. 1993.

[Chon 1993c] Kilnam Chon, "Agenda of Seoul APCCIRN Meeting in 1993.5.31-6.1(Third Draft)," ANC-93-087/APCCIRN-024, Apr. 1993.

[Chon 1993d] Kilnam Chon, "APCCIRN/APEPG Reorganization (Draft)," ANC, ANC-93-098, Oct. 1993.

[Chon 1993e] Kilnam Chon, "Agenda for APCCIRN/APEPG Meeting in Taipei, 1993.12.10-11," ANC, ANC-93-103, Oct. 1993. 

[Chon 1993f] Kilnam Chon, "Development of Academic Networks in the Next Decade," Proceedings of the 13th National Computer Conference (CSSL'93), Sri Lanka, 1993.

[Chon 1996] Kilnam Chon, “Asia Pacific Information Highway - Why not Gigabits?,” Proc. APEC Symposium, Tsukuba, Mar.1996.

[Chon 1998] Kilnam Chon, World Wide Top Level Domain Alliance, 1998. [ppf]

[Chon 2000] Kilnam Chon, Asia-Pacific Top Level Domain (APTLD): First Two Years, 2000.

[Chon 2000b] Kilnam Chon, "A Letter from Kilnam Chon, APTLD Chair to Mike Roberts, ICANN CEO," 2000.3.1.

[Chon 2005] Kilnam Chon et al., A Brief History of the Internet in Asia, 2005.5.4,  

[Chon 2011] Kilnam Chon, Asia Internet History/Organizations-Events in 1980s ~ 1990s, Oct. 2011. [memo] 

[Chon 2011b] Kilnam Chon, "A Brief History of the Internet in Korea," The e-Bridge, Korea Information Processing Society, Oct. 2011. [in Korean]

[Chon 2012] Kilnam Chon et al., A Brief History of the Internet in Asia, 2005 with Revision in 2012.

[Chon 2012b] Kilnam Chon, "APCCIRN Document List (Draft)," 2012.7.18/7.19.

[Chon 2012c] Kilnam Chon, Ed., "Snapshot of the Internet in Japan around 1990 based on the 1992 INET Proceedings," 2012.

[Chon 2012d] Kilnam Chon, "APAN Meeting List," 2012.                                                                                     

[Chon 2013] Kilnam Chon et al., "A History of Computer Networking and the Internet in Korea," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.51, no.2, Feb. 2013, pp.10-15.

[Chon 2013b] Kilnam Chon, Ed., An Asia Internet History - First Decade (1980~1990), Seoul National University Press, 2013.12. 

[Chon 2013c] Kilnam Chon, Ed., Snapshot of the Internet of Japan around 1990 based on 1992 INET Proceedings, 2013.

[Chon 2013d] Kilnam Chon, “Cyberspace – What is it?”, 2013.

[Chon 2014] Kilnam Chon, The Other Billion, Seoul Digital Forum, 2014.

[Chon 2015] Kilnam Chon, et al., An Asia Internet History - Second Decade (1991-2000), 2015.

[Chon 2016] Kilnam Chon, et al., An Asia Internet History - Third Decade (2001-2010), 2016.

[Chon 2016b] Kilnam Chon, What we learned from Asia Internet History Project, 2016.12.14.

[Chon 2017] Kilnam Chon, Internet in Asia, TechFest, 2017.12.

[Chon 2017b] Kilnam Chon, IoT Governance, 2017.

[Chon 2019] Kilnam Chon, Internet Governance History, 2019.

[Chon 2020] Kilnam Chon, Access, 2020. 

[Chow 1987] K.P. Chow, W.M. Lo, and N. Ng, "HARNET - Hong Kong Academic & Research Network," Tech Rep TR-B1-87, Computer Studies Publication,  U. of Hong Kong, Jan 1987.

[Clark 1978] David Clark, D., and Cohen, D., “A Proposal for Addressing and Routing in the Internet,” IEN 46, Jun. 1978, 

[Clark 1988] David Clark, Design Philosophy of the DARPAN Internet Protocols, SIGCOMM 88, 1988.

[Clarke 2001] Roger Clarke, A Brief History of the Internet in Australia, version 3.1, May 2001.

[Clarke 2004] Roger Clarke, Origins and Nature of the Internet in Australia (Extended ver.), Jan. 2004.

[CNCERT 2015] CNCERT, China's Cybersecurity Landscape, ppt, APRICOT, 2015.

[CNIC 2012] Computer Network Information Center Chinese Academy of Sciences (CNIC CAS), 2012.

[CNNIC 2004] CNNIC, The Internet Timeline of China 1986~1996, 2003.12.12.

[CNNIC 2011] CNNIC, “Statistical Report on Internet Development in China,” China, 2011.

[Cole 1999] Greg Cole, Natasha Bulashova, Alexei Platonov, Valerii Vasenin, and Michael Kalugin, "MirNET: Linking Russian and American Science Using Next-Generation Networking Technologies," Proc. INET'99, Poster, San Jose, 1999.

[Computer 2012] Computer History Museum, Internet History 1962~1992, 2012.

[Computer 2020] Compute History Museum, Internet History Project, 2020.

[Conrad 1994] D. Conrad, “The Asia Pacific Network Information Center, Present and Future,” Connect, 1994.

[Conrad 1994b] D. Conrad, “A Nic For The Asia-Pacific Region,” 22 April 1994, NSF Network News, republished in CINET-L Newsletter, Issue No. 17, Saturday, Apr. 30, 1994.

[Conrad 1995] D. Conrad, “APNIC FOO (Funding, Organization and Operation)” Presentation, Jan. 1995. 

[Conrad 1995b] D. Conrad, Asia Pacific Network Information Center Organizational Details," APNIC, APNIC-012, Feb. 1995.

[Conrad 2012] D. Conrad, Personal correspondence, 8 Nov. 2012.

[Conrad 2012b] D. Conrad, Personal correspondence, 12 Nov. 2012.

[Conrad 2012c] D. Conrad, Personal correspondence, 24 Nov. 2012.

[Cook 1994] G. Cook. “Russia Is Successfully Building Its Own Internet,” The Cook Report on Internet, vol. 2, no. 4, Jul. 1994.

[Cook 2000] G. Cook, Secret Meeting Shows ICANN-IBM Dependence, pp.19-40, "Can the internet industry be trusted?", Arch-Econ Mailing list, 2019.11.

[Cooper 2010] Christopher S. Cooper, JANET: The First 25 Years, Lightning Source UK Ltd,  Jan. 2010. 

[Corporate 2020] Corporate Information, Top 100 Lists (by Current Market Capitalization), 2020.

[Cottrell 1994] R.L.A. Cottrell, et al., “Networking with China,” Proc. Conference on Computing in High Energy Physics, San Francisco, Apr. 1994.

[Cozanet 1994] Anne Cozanet, Minutes of CCIRN Meeting, Amsterdam 21 Jun. 1994.

[Crocker 1969] Steve Crocker, “Host Software,” IETF, RFC 1, Apr. 1969.

[Crocker 2012] Dave Crocker, A History of E-Mail: Collaboration, Innovation and the Birth of a System, The Washington Post, Mar. 2012.

[Crocker 2012b] Steve Crocker, Where did the Internet Really Come from, TechPresident.com, Aug. 2012.

[Crocker 2020] Steve Crocker, Today’s Internet Still Relies on an ARPANET-Era Protocol: The Request for Comments, IEEE Spectrum, 2020.

[CSNET 1983] CSNET, CSNET News, 1983~1988.

[CSS 1997] CSS INET-TR, Part 2: What is the Internet? - Internet in Turkey, 1997. [in Turkish] 

[Cyberlabs 2017] Cyberlabs, Oral History of the Internet.

[CSSL 1996] CSSL, Academic & Research Internetworking in Sri Lanka - LEARN Gets Internet Connectivity, Jan. 1996.

[Dandjinou 1998] Pierre Dandjinou, Ed., Proceedings of Regional African Conference on Internet Governance, AIG'98, Cotonou, 1998.

[DARPA 1981] BBN, "A History of the ARPANET: the First Decade," Report Number 4799, 1981.4.1. [same as DARPA 1981]

[DANTE 2012] Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe (DANTE), 2012.

[Davies 2010] Howard Davies and Beatrice Bressan, A History of International Research Networking, Wiley-Blackwell, May 2010.

[DCA 1978] DCA, "ARPANET Information Brochure," 1978.3.13, f.

[DCS 2009] DCS, Computer Literacy in Sri Lanka–2009, Department of Census and Statisticsvol. 1, no. 1, Dec. 2009.

[Deffree 2016] Suzanne Deffree, ARPANET establishes First computer to computer link, 1969.10.29, EDN, 2016.10.29.

[Denning 1983] Peter Denning, et al., "History and Overview of CSNET," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, New York, Mar. 1983.

[Desalegn 2012] Girma Desalegn, African Internet Governance Forum (AfIGF), 2012(?).

[DevOn 2013] DevOn, 2013.  [in Korean]

[Dias 2010] Gihan Dias, Development of LEARN: The First Decade, 2010.

[Didi 2020] Didi Chuxing, Wikipedia, 2020.

 [Donovan 2020] Joan Donovan, Social-media companies must flatten the curve of misinformation, Nature, 2020.

[Drake 2016]  William Drake (Editor), The Working Group on Internet Governance - 10th Anniversary Reflections, APC, 2016. 

[Driscoll 2016] Kevin Driscoll, Social Media's Dial-up Roots, Spectrum, Nov. 2016.

[Duerst 1996] Martin Duerst, "Internationalization of Domain Names," Internet Draft, IETF, draft-duerst-i18n-00.txt, 1996.12.10.

[Duerst 1996b] Martin Duerst, "URLs and internationalization," Message, W3C, 1996.12.20.

[EC 2012] EC, Central Asian Research and Education Network (CAREN), 2012.

[EDUCOM 1985] EDUCOM, Networking, 1985.

[Edmondson 2007] Chris Edmondson-Kurkanan, SIGCOMM's architectural journey into networking past, CACM, 2007.5.

[EduLanka 2013] EduLanka, eduLanka Online Educational School of Sri Lanka, 2013.

[EFF 2020] EFF, Twit, Twitter.org, 2020.4.13.

[Elutin 1995] A. Elutin, et al., Computer Network Development for Science and Education in Russia, 1995. [In Russian]

[EmNet 2012] EmNet, 2012. [in Russian]

[EmNet 2012b] EmNet, PSI RAS Participation in EmNet, 2012. [in Russian]

[ERNET 2012] ERNET, History, 2012.

[Esaki 2008] Hiroshi Esaki, Eds., Broadband Internet Deployment in Japan, IOS Press, 2008.

[ESNET 2012] ESNET, ESNET History, 2012.

[ETNews 2014] "Behind the 1.25 Internet Crisis," ET News, 2014.4.10. [in Korean]

[EU 2016] EU, General Data Protection Regulation, 2016.

[European 2019] European Payments Council, Sweden: cashless society and digital transformation, 2019.

[E-Commerce 2020] E-Commerce, Wikipedia, 2020.

[Facebook 2019] Libra.Org, Libra White Paper, 2019.

[Farivar 2011] Cyrus Farivar, The Internet of Elsewhere: The Emergent Effects of a Wired World, Rutgers University Press, Apr. 2011.

[Federal 2002] Federal Service of State Statistics, Russia and the Countries of the World, 2002.  [in Russian]

[Federal 2012] Federal State Statistics Service, 2012.

[Financial 2019] Financial Times, What is China’s digital currency plan?, 2019.11.25.

[Foer 2019] Franklin Foer, Jeff Bezos’s Master Plan, The Atlantic, November 2019.

[Foster 1993] Jill Foster, "INET 93 (Network Training for Developing Countries)," 04 Feb. 1993. 

[Foundation 2012] The Foundation of Internet Development, Collection of interviews: Mendkovich Andrew S., 2012.

[Foundation 2012b] The Foundation for Internet Development, Internet and Science: The 15 Year Way. The Leading Specialists in Information Technology, about Past, Present and Future of Internet, 2012. [in Russian]

[Foundation 2012c] The Foundation for Internet Development, Hall 3: New Era of Internet and Russian Internetization in Russia (1994-2000) Exposure 3: Internetization, 2012. [in Russian]                              

[Foundation 2012d] The Foundation for Internet Development, Collection of interviews: Nazirov Ravil Ravilyevich2012. [in Russian]

[Foundation 2012e] The Foundation of Internet Development, Collection of Interviews: Aleksandr Nokolaevich Tikhonov2012. [in Russian]

[Foundation 2012f]  The Foundation for Internet Development, Hall 8. Internet in numbers Exposure 1. Internet World: General Statistic2012. [In Russian]

[Firdhous 1996] M.F.M. Firdhous and Gihan V. Dias, “The Introduction of Internet in Sri Lanka," Proc. 15th National Computer Conference, Sep. 1996.

[Frazer 1996] Karen D. Frazer, "NSFNET: A Partnership for High-Speed Networking: Final Report 1987-1995," Merit Network, 1996. 

[FREEnet 2012] FREEnet, 2012. [in Russian]

[Frey 1989] Donnalyn Frey and Rick Adams, !%@:: A Directory of Electronic Mail Addressing & Networks, O'Reilly and Associates, Aug. 1989.

[Fuller 1992] V. Fuller, T. Li, J. Yu, and K. Varadhan, Supernetting: An Address Assignment and Aggregation Strategy,” IETF, RFC 1338, Jun. 1992.

[Fuller 1993] V. Fuller, T. Li, J. Yu, and K. Varadhan, “Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR): an Address Assignment and Aggregation Strategy,” IETF, RFC 1519, Sep. 1993.

[Galpaya 2011] H. Galpaya, Broadband in Sri Lanka: Glass Half Full or Half Empty?, 2011. 

[Gazprom 2012] Gazprom Space Systems, 2012.

[Gebes 1994] V. Gebes, "Asia Pacific Network Information Center Pilot Project Final Report," APNIC-009, 1 Jul. 1994. 

[GENI 2006]  GENI, Exploring Networks of the Future, 2006.

GLIF 2012] GLIF, eVLBI: First data from China-Australia, China-Europe and Australia-Europe Baselines, 2012.

[GLORIAD 2007] GLORIAD, GLORIAD Update, vol.2, no.1, May 2007.

[GLORIAD 2007b] GLORIAD, GLORIAD Update, vol.2, no.2, Jul. 2007. 

[GLORIAD 2012] Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications Development (GLORIAD), 2012.

[GLORIAD 2012b] GLORIAD, Newsletters, 2012.

[Goggin 2004] Gerald Goggin, Ed., The Virtual Nation – the Internet in Australia, Sydney, UNSW Press, 2004.

[Goggin 2017] G. Goggin and M. McLellad, Ed., Routeledge companion to global internet histories, 2017.

[Goldsmith 2006] Jack Goldsmith and Tim Wu, Who Controls the Internet, 2006.

[Goldstein 1994] Steve Goldstein and Spartak Timofeevich Belyaev, Eds., Proceedings of Advanced NATO Networking Workshop, Moscow, 1994.

[Goldstein 1991] Steve Goldstein, "Federal and International Directions in Computer Networking," Presented at US Sprint, 1991.1.9.

[Goldstein 1996] Steve Goldstein, “Future Image of Internet Toward GII,” Proc. APEC Sympoisum, Tsukuba, Mar. 1996.

[Goldstein 2003] Steve Goldstein, “NSF and the Internationalization of the [Academic] Internet,” presented at NORDUnet 2003, Reykjavík, 2003.

[Google 2013] Google Europe, The Birth of the Internet in UK, in An Evening with the UK's Computing Pioneers, 2013.7.3.

[Grey 2020] John Grey, Why this crisis is a turning point in history, New Statesman, 2020.3.

[Hafner 1998] Katie Hafner and Mathew Lyon, Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origin of the Internet, Simon & Schuster, 1998.

[Hahn 1995] Saul Hahn, “Networking in Latin America and the Caribbean and the OAS/RedHUCyT Project,” Proc.1995 INETJun. 1995.

[Haque 2004] Samudra E. Haque, “.bd Bangladesh,” in Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004, 2004, pp. 47-59.

[Haque 2006] Samudra E. Haque, ".bd Bangladesh,” in Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2005/2006, 2006, pp. 74-77.

[Harris 2001] S. Harris, “Tao of the Internet,” IETF, RFC 3160, Aug. 2001.

[Hasan 2019] Syed Muneeb Ul Hasan, Top Ecommerce Companies of 2020, Magenticians, 2019.

[Hauben 1997] Michael Hauben, et al., Netizen: on the history and impact of USENET and the Internet, Wiley-IEEE Computer Society, 1997.

[Hauben 1998] Ronda Hauben, From the ARPANET to the Internet, 1998.

[Hauben 2004] Ronda Hauben, "The Internet: On its International Origins and Collaborative Vision," The Amateur Computerist, vol.12, no.2, May 2004.

[Hauben 2005] Jay Hauben, “Across the Great Wall’: The China-Germany Email Connection 1987-1994,” The Amateur Computerist, vol.13, no.1, pp.25-28, 2005.

[Hauben 2010] Jay Hauben, “The Story of China’s First Email Link and How it Got Corrected,” School of Global Journalism and Communications in Chongqing, PR China, Jan. 12, 2010.

[Haverty 2016] Jack Haverty, Why TCP?, InternetHistory@postel.org, 2016.

[Haverty 2016b] Jack Haverty, WWW vs Gopher, Internet-History@postel.org, 2016.

[Hawaii 1998] University of Hawaii, "Hawaii High Performance Internet Connection, " NSF Award #9876406, 1998,  .

[Heyday 2012] Heyday, Down to the Wire:The Story of New Zealand’s Internet, 2012.

[History 2012]  History of Things, History of the Internet, 2012.

[Hobbes 2015] Robert Hobbes Zakon, Hobbe's Internet Timeline, 2015

[Hramcov 1996] P. Hramcov, “Internet in Russia,” Open System, no.1, 1996.

[Hu 1992] Hu Daoyuan, “Academic Networking in China,” Proc. 1992 INET, Kobe, Jun. 1992.

[Hu 1994] Hu Daoyuan and Lu Ming, “The Construction and Development of Information Infrastructure in China,” Proc. IFIP South East Asia Communications Conference '94 (SEACOMM’94), Kuala Lumpur, Oct. 1994.

[IANW 1985] International Academic NetworkshopStockholm, Jul. 1985.

[IASNET 2012] IASnet, History, 2012. [in Russian]

[ICANN 1999] ICANN, Domain Name Support Organization Formation Concepts, 1999.3.4.

[ICANN 2013] Internet Cooperation on Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), 2013.

[ICANN 2016] ICANN, Stewardship of IANA Functions Transitions to Global Internet Community as Contract with US Government ends, 2016.

[ICOIN 2012] International Conference on Information Network (ICOIN), 2012.

[IDC 2014] IDC, The digital universe of opportunities, 2014.

[IEEE 2016] IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Networks: Origins and Evaluations, July-September 2016.

[IEEE 2017] IEEE History Center, Oral History, 2017.

[IETF 1972] IETF, Demonstration at ICCC, RFC 371, 1972.

[IETF 1993] IETF, Meeting notes of March 1993 IETF User Services Area Meeting, Mar. 1993.

[IETF 2013] Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), 2013.

[IETF 2019] IETF, Internet of Things (IoT) Security: State of Art and Challenges, RFC 8576, 2019.

[IGF 2020] Internet Governance Forum, 2020.

[IHS 2017] IHS Markit, The Internet of Things, 2017.

[India 1994] Government of IndiaNational Telecommunications Policy, 1994.1.

[India 2010] Government of India, Annual Report 2009-10, Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology, New Delhi, 2010.

[India 2011] Government of India, "Information Technology," Annual Report 2010-11, Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology, 2011.

[India 2014] Government of India, National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning, Ministry of Human Resource Development, 2014.

[India 2014b] Government of India, National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology, Ministry of Human Resource Development, 2014.

[Indiana 1999] Indiana University, "TransPAC Annual Report," NSF ANI-973210, Jul. 1999.

[Induruwa 1989] Abhaya Induruwa, "A Proposal to set up a Lanka Experimental Academic and Research Network (LEARN)," Proposal submitted to the Ministry of Higher Education and the University Grants Commission of Sri Lanka, Apr. 1989.

[Induruwa 1989b] Abhaya Induruwa, “Is Sri Lanka Ready for Wide Area Computer Networking,” Trans. Institution of Engineers of Sri Lanka, Oct. 1989, pp.163-171.

[Induruwa 1991] Abhaya Induruwa, "Fast Packet Switching Technologies suitable for Multi Media Global Connectivity," Proc. 11th National Computer Conference, Sri Lanka, Feb. 1991, pp. 74-83.

[Induruwa 1991b] Abhaya Induruwa, "Wide Area Computer Networking: A Strategic Opportunity for Developing Countries," Proc. 11th National Computer Conference, Sri Lanka,  Feb. 1991, pp. 151-162.

[Induruwa 1992] Abhaya Induruwa, "LEARN Internet - A (modified) proposal to Introduce Internet Services to the Academic and Research Community in Sri Lanka,"  Proposal to the University Grants Commission, Jan. 1992.

[Induruwa 1994] Abhaya Induruwa, "A Proposal for the Establishment of a Campuswide Computer Network," University of Moratuwa, Nov. 1994.

[Induruwa 1994b] Abhaya Induruwa, "Advances in Computer Networking in Sri Lanka," IEE Sri Lanka Centre Annual Sessions 1994, 1994.

[Induruwa 1995] Abhaya Induruwa, "Research Information Infrastructure in Sri Lanka - Current Status & Future Plans,"  Advisory Group Meeting of the Association of Science Cooperation in Asia(ASCA), Tokyo, Mar. 1995.

[Induruwa 1998] Abhaya Induruwa, "Globalisation of the Internet and Sri Lanka's Contribution," ADB-ITU Seminar on Telecommunication and Information Technology: Tools for Sustainable Development in Asia, Geneva, Apr. 28, 1998.

[Induruwa 1999] Abhaya Induruwa, "We cannot escape from the technological pull by the developed world," Interview appeared in Business Today, Jul. 1999.

[Induruwa 1999b] Abhaya Induruwa, "Growth of Internet Services," the Second International Information Technology Conference, Colombo, Oct. 1999.  

[Induruwa 1999c] Abhayas Induruwa, "Information Technology Development in Sri Lanka ," J. National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, vol.27, no.3, 1999, pp.209-254.

[INET 1995] INET, The Net People of Internet Society's International Networking Conference in Honolulu, Hawaii, 27-30 Jun. 1995. [video]

[Information 2011] Information and Communication Technologies Authority, Annual Report 2010, ICTA, 2010. 

[InfoUSA 2012] InfoUSA, Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls, COCOM, 2012.

[International 2012] The International Collaboration Board (ICB), 2012.

[Internet 2016] Internet Live Stats, 2016

[Internet 2009] Internet Society of New Zealand, Connecting the Clouds - the Internet in New Zealand, Sep. 2009.  

[Internet 2011] Intenret World Statistics, Asia Internet Usage Statistics, 2011.

[Internet 2012] Internet Communications Costa Rica, Merit's Network Information Center - information about the Internet and NSFNET2012.

[Internet  2012b] Internet World Stats, Internet World Stats: Usage and Population Statistics, 2012.

[Internet 2012c] Internet Hall of Fame, Inductees:Kilnam Chon, 2012.

[Internet 2012d] Internet World Stats, Usage and Population Statistics: Sri Lanka, 2012.

[Internet 2013] Internet World Statistics, 2013.

[Internet 2013b] Internet World Stats, Cambodia Internet Usage and Telecommunications Reports, 2013.

[Internet 2014] Internet History Sites, 2014.

[Internet 2015] Internet World Stats, InternetWorldStats.com, 2015.

[Internet 2017] Internet Histories, 2017.(new journal)

[Internet 2017b] Internet History Library, EDSAC 1951.

[Internet 2020] InternetWorldStats.com, 2020.

[Internet 2020b] InternetHallofFame.org, 2020.

[InterNIC 2002] InterNIC, History of the Internet. ccTLDs in Chronological Order, 2002.

[Internet2 2012] Internet 2, 2012.

[InternetNZ 2012] Internet New Zealand Association (InternetNZ), 2012.

[Interop 2013] Interop, Interop-IT Expo and Conference – Global Events, 2013.

[Interop 2020] Interop, Wikipedia, 2020.

[Interworking 2012] Interworking Labs, The History of the Internet Project, 2012.

[ISC 2013] Internet Society of China (ISC), 2013.

[ISC 2020] Internet Society of China (ISC), China Internet Conference, 2020.

[Ishida 1985] H. Ishida, "Current Status of N-1 Network with Supercomputer Access," Proc. PCCS, Seoul, Oct. 1985, pp.571-578.

[Ishida 1991] Haruhisa Ishida, Konpyuta nettowaku (Computer Network), Iwanami Shoten, Japan, 1991. [in Japanese]

[Ishida 1992] Haruhisa Ishida, “Academic Internetworking in Japan,” Proc. 1992 INET, Kobe, Jun. 1992.

[ISOC 1992] Internet Society, Internet Society Newsletter, 1992 ~.

[ISOC 2012]  Internet Society, INET Conferences, 2012.

[ISOC 2012b] Internet Society, 20th Anniversary, 2012.

[ISOC 2012c] Internet Society, History of the Internet, 2012.

[ISOC 2013] ISOC, INET Conferences, 2013.

[ISAACSON 2014] Walter Isaacson, The Innovators, Talk at Google (with Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn), 2014.

[ITAR-TASS 2007] ITAR-TASS, "Press Conference of the Common Space of the Russian Language: Domain. SU to the 17th Anniversary of the Day Birth," 19 Sep. 2007. 

[ITU 2001b] ITU, Arab Region Internet & Telecom Summit, Mascot, 2001.

[ITU 2001c] ITU, Internet by the Nile: Egypt Case study, Mar. 2001.

[ITU 2001d] ITU, Internet in UAE, 2001.

[ITU 2012] International Telecommunications Union (ITU), 2012.

[ITU 2012b] ITU, ITU Statistical Market Overview: Sri Lanka, 2012.

[IW3C 2020] International World Wide Web Conference, 2020. 

[IWS 1998] International Workshop on Asia Pacific Area Advanced Research Information Sharing Technology, Proceedings of, 1998.3.3-4.

[JANOG 2013] Japan Network Operators Group (JANOG), 2013.

[Jayathilaka 2012] S. Jayathilaka, Smart Phones are Used for Education in Sri Lanka, 2012.

[Jeong 2007] Chung Hai Jeong and Nor Fadzlina Nawi, Principles of Public Administration: An Introduction, Karisma Publications, 2007.

[Jin 1997]  Jek Kian Jin and Jimmy YapThe Singapore Internet Book, Longman Singapore Publishers, 1997.

[JPNIC 1994] JPNIC, Relation to International NIC Activities, JPNIC Report 7, Mar. 1994.

[JPNIC 2013] JPNIC, 201

[JPNIC 2015] JPNIC, History of Internet Resource Management in Japan, 2015

[JSCC 2012] JSCC, RASNET (The corporate network of the Russian Academy of Sciences), 2012.

[JUCC 2005] JUCC, HARNET in 2005, JUCC 35th Anniversary Publication, U. of Hong Kong, 2005, pp.68-75.

[Kai 2003] Kai Hoelzner, "The Virtual Silk Highway Project," DFN Releases, no.63, Nov. 2003, pp.8-11.

[Kanchanasut 2003] Kanchana Kanchanasut, "Thailand Internet: My Collection," 16th APAN Meetings, Busan, 2003.

[Karrenberg 2001] Daniel KarrenbergGerard RossPaul Wilson, and Leslie Nobile, “Development of the Regional Internet Registry System," The Internet Protocol Journal, vol. 4, no.4, Dec. 2001.

[Kaye 2019] David Kaye, Speech Police: Global Struggle to Govern the Internet, 2019.

[Kim 1985] Kwang-Hae (Kane) Kim and Kilnam Chon, Eds., Proceedings of Pacific Computer Communication Symposium, 1985

[Kim 2007] Dongkyun Kim, “Hybrid and High Performance Convergence Network for Ubiquitous Infrastructure,” Proc. Korea Japan Joint Symposium on Ubiquitous IT System, Tokyo, 2007.

[Kirstein 1999] Peter Kirstein, “Early Experiences with the Arpanet and Internet in the UK,” IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.21, no.1, 1999, pp.38-44.

[Kirstein 2005] Peter Kirstein, Wolfgang Fritsche, Hans Frese, and Vladmir Lavrov,  IPv6 Over the Silk Satellite Network,” Proc. SAINT 2005 Jan./Feb. 2005.

[Kirstein 2007] Peter Kirstein, H. Frese, and  R. J. Ranz,”Experience of the Silk Community with the Silk-2 Project,” 24th APAN meeting, Xian, Aug. 2007.

[Kirstein 2009] Peter Kirstein, “The early history of packet switching in the UK,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.47, no.2, Feb. 2009, pp.18-26.

[KISA 2012] KISA, Internet White Paper, 2012. [in Korean]

[KISA 2012b] KISA, Cyber Internet History Museum, 2012. [in Korean]

[KISDI 2006] KISDIKey Achievements of TEIN1,  Aug. 2006.


[Korea 2005] Korea IT Times, "Grand Opening for “BIG GLORIAD",” 31 Aug. 2005.

[Korean 2020] Korean Government, Online retail exceeds offline retail, 2020.5.

[Klein 2003] Nobert Klein, "Cambodia," in Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004, Chin Saik Yoon, Ed., 2003, pp.130-139

[Kleinrock 2010] Leonard Kleinrock, "An Early History of the Internet," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.48, no.8, Aug. 2010, pp.26-36.

[Kleinrock 2012] Leonard Kleinrock, "A Brief History of the Internet," Global INET, Geneva, Apr. 2012. [video and ppf]

[Klyosov 2012] Antoly A. Klyosov, Twenty Years Later, or Internet Began as the Soviet Union2012. [in Russian]

[Konishi 2001] Kazunori Konishi, “Introduction to the Internet,” in THE INTERNET (Iwanami Lecture Series), Yuji Oie, Shigeki Goto, Shojiro Nishio, Hideo Miyahara, and Jun Murai, Eds, Iwanami Shoten, Japan, Mar. 2001.[in Japanese]

[Korea 2012] Korea Internet History Project. 2012.

[Kouznetsov 1996] Kouznetsov A., “Prospects for the Development of the Internet in Russia,” Proc. 1996 INET, Geneva, Jun. 1996.

[Kramer 2009] Franklin D. Kramer, Stuart H. Starr, and Larry K. Wentz, Eds., Cyberpower and National SecurityPotomac Books, 2009.

[KRnet 2013] Korea Internet Conference (KRnet), 2013. [in Korean] 

[Kuhne 2012] Mirjam Kuhne,  “Networks with IPv6 - One Year Later,” RIPE, Mar. 2012.

[Kummerfeld 1985] R. J. Kummerfeld, "ACSNET: Current status and future development," Proc. Pacific Computer Communication Symposium, Seoul, 1985, pp.589-592.

[Kuo 1992] Franklin F. Kuo, Networking in The People’s Republic of China, 1992.

[Kuo 1996] Franklin F. Kuo and Xing Li, “Perspectives on the Development of China's Internet,” Proc. the 7th Joint European Networking Conference, Budapest, May 1996.

[Kurvalija 2014] Jovan Kurvalija, An introduction to Internet governance, Diplo Foundation, 2014.

[Kutanov 2011] Askar Kutanov, Central Asia Research and Education Network (CAREN), 2011.

[Landweber 1980s] Lawrence Landweber, Email exchanges in 1980s and beyond, 1980s.

[Landweber 1997] Lawrence Landweber, Connectivity Maps and Connectivity Tables, 1997.

[Landweber 2013] Lawrence Landweber, International Academic Workshop (IANW), 2013.

[Largest 2020] List of Largest Internet Companies, Wikipedia, 2020.

[Lawrence 2013b] Lawrence Landweber, CSNET2013.

[Larson 1995] James F. Larson, The Telecommunications revolution in Korea, Oxford University Press, Hong Kong, 1995. 

[Lee 2003] Anthony S. Lee, "The APNG Camp," presented at the 3rd APNG Camp, Taipei, Feb. 2003.

[Lee 2006] Okhwa Lee, "APNG Annual Meeting 2006," presented at the APNG Annual Meeting, Singapore, Jul. 2006.

[Lee 2014] Timothy Lee, Population of the Internet, in One Map, 2014.9.20.

[Lee 2018] Kai-Fu Lee, AI Superpowers, 2018.

[Leiner 2003] Bob Leiner, et al., A Brief History of the Internet, Internet Society, 2003.

[Levine 2018] Surveillance Valley: Secret Military History of Internet, 2018. [Eric Gade, Long View: Surveillnace, Internet and ...]

[Levy 2010] Steven Levy, Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, 25th Anniversary Ed., O'Reilly books, 2010.

[Li 1995] Xing Li, Jianping Wu and Youneng Liang, “Connecting China Education Community to the Global Internet - The China Education and Research Network Project,” Proc. 1995 INET, Hawaii, Jun. 1995.

[Li 1995b] Xing Li, Jianping Wu and Youneng Liang, “The Planning, Implementation and the Social Impact of the China Education and Research Network Project,” Proc. the 6th Pacific Science Conference, Beijing, 1995.

[Li 1996] Xing Li, Jianping Wu, and Youneng Liang, “China Education and Research Network - A Continuous Report,” Proc. 1996 INET, Montreal, Canada, Jun. 1996.

[Li 2003] Xing Li, "APNG Report," presented at the 3rd APNG Camp, Taipei, Feb. 2003.

[Liaropoulos 2016] A. Liaropoulos, Exploring the complexity of cyberspace governance, J. of Information Warfare, 2016.

[Licklider 1963] J.C.R. Licklider, "Topics for discussion at the Forthcoming Meeting," ARPA, 1963.4.25.

[Lim 2005] Merlyna Lim, "The Internet and Political Activism in Indonesia," Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Public Admin and Tech., Univ. of Twente, 2005.

[Losev 2003] G.M. Losev, B. M. Ponomare, Yu F. Ryabov, and PM Yusupov, “Academic Computer Network, St. Petersburg,” Telecommunications, no. 5, 2003. [in Russian]

[Low 2020] Low-Earth Satellite, Wikipedia, 2020.

[Luhukay 1983] Jos Luhukay and Bagio Budiardjo, "UNINET: An Inter-University Computer Network," Asia Electronics Symposium, Jakarta, 1983.

[Luhukay 1986] Jos Luhukay, "UNInet, The Indonesian Inter-University Computer Network,” IANW 1986, Dublin, Aug. 1986.

[Lynch 1993] Daniel C. Lynch and Marshall T. Rose, Internet System Handbook, Addison-Wesley Professional, 1993.

[Lynch 2006] Keith Lynch, Keith Lynch's Timeline of Net Related Terms and Concepts, 2006.

[Mailland 2017] Julien Mailland, The French Connection Machine, Spectrum, July 2017. [on Minitel]

[Malamud 1992] Carl Malamud, Exploring the Internet: A Technical Travelogue, Prentice Hall, 1992.

[Malamud 1997] Carl Malamud, A World's Fair for the Global Village, MIT Press, Aug. 1997.

[Mani 2010] R.S. Mani, "National Knowledge Network," Informatics, Apr. 2010.

[MARK 2001] MARK, Network ROSPAK User’s Guide, 2001.

[Martin 2011] Olivier H. Martin, "The “hidden” history of European Research Networking," ICT Consulting Report, Nov. 2011.

[Mason 2012] J. Mason, Philippine Internet Turns 18, 2012.2.19.

[McKelvey 2018] F. McKelvey and K. Driscoll, ARPANET and its bundary devices, Internet Histories Journal, 2018.12.

[McKenzie 1972] Alex McKenzie, Host to Host Protocol for the ARPA Network, NIC 8246,1972.

[McKenzie 1995] Alex McKenzie, "Thought about Internet Protocol Development (in 1972)," private mail to Katie Hafne, 1995.

[McKenzie 2002] Charles Babbage Institute, Alex McKenzie Collection of Computer Network Development Records: 1969-1990, Jul. 2002.

[McKenzie 2011] Alex McKenzie, "INWG and the Conception of the Internet: An Eyewitness Account,IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.33, no.1, Jan. 2011, pp.66-71.

[McRobbie 1996] Michael McRobbie, “Towards an Asia-Pacific Gigabit Testbed,” Proc. APEC Symposium, Tsukuba, Mar. 1996.

[Meeker 2012] Mary Meeker, "Internet Trends," D10 Conference, May 2012.

[Meleadan 2015] Vivin Varghese Meleadan, The Indian Digital Revolution, APRICOT, Fukuoka, 2015.

[MENOG 2013] The Middle East Network Operators Group (MENOG), 2013.

[Merit 2005] Merit Network, History of Merit, 2005.

[METU-CC 2005] METU-CC, "Turkey in the Internet: The Internet History-Middle East Technical University Computer Centre, 2005. [in Turkish]

[Minges 2002]  Michael Minges, Vanessa Gray, and Lucy Firth, “Khmer Internet: Cambodia Case Study,” ITU, Mar. 2002.

[Ministry 2001] Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications, Information and CommunicationsWhite paper 2001, Japan, 2001.

[Ministry 2010] Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sport, "Master Plan for Information and Communication Technology in Education," Cambodia, Dec. 2010.

[Mizin 1996] Mizin I.A., “Status and perspective of development of information and telecommunication technologies for science and education,” The Second International Congress on Education and Informatics, Moscow, Jul. 1996.

[Mizzima 2009] Mizzima News, The Internet in Burma (1998-2009), 2009.

[MoE 2013] Ministry of Education (MoE), 2013.

[Moeller 2007] Chirlie Moeller and Arnaud Amouroux, Governing the Internet: freedom and regulation in the OSCE region, 2007.

[Motobayashi 2012]  Ryota Motobayashi, Interop - Eyewitness Reports, 2012.

[Moumita 2010] Moumita Bakshi Chatterjee, "’.in’ Domain Registration Crosses Six-Lakh Mark," Hindu Business Line,  Delhi, Mar. 2010.

[MSK-IX 2012] MSK-IX:Moscow Internet Exchange, 2012.

[Mueller 2004] Milton L. Mueller, Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace, MIT Press, 2004.

[Murai 1985] Jun Murai and Tohru Asami, "A Network for Research and Development Communities in Japan - JUNET," Proc. PCCS, Seoul, Oct. 1985, pp.579-588.

[Murai 1987] Jun Murai and Akira Kato, "Researches in Network Development of JUNET," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM'87 WorkshopStowe, Aug. 1987, pp.68-77.

[Murai 1989] J. Murai, A Kato, H. Kusumoto, S. Yamaguchi, and T. Sato, "Construction of the Widely Integrated Distributed Environment," Proc. IEEE TENCON'89, Bombay, Nov. 1989, pp.413-416.

[Murai 1989b] Jun Murai, Hiroyuki Kusumoto, Suguru Yamaguchi, Akira Kato, "Construction of internet for Japanese academic communities," Proc. 1989 ACM/IEEE conference on Supercomputing, pp.737-746, 1989.

[Murai 1992] Jun Murai, Hiroyuki Kusumoto, and Masaki Hirabaru, “WIDE Project Overview: Status Report of 1992,” Proc.1992 INET, Jun. 1992.

[Murai 1993] Jun Murai and Masaki Hirabaru, "Proposal for  APNIC Experiment," APCCIRN-020, 13 Jan. 1993.

[Murai 1993b] Jun Murai and D. Conrad, “Asia Pacific Network Information Center Pilot Project Proposal," APNIC-003, 1 Sep. 1993.

[Murai 1993c] Jun Murai, et al., "Japanese Character Encoding for Internet Messages," IETF, RFC 1468, Jun. 1993.

[Murai 1996] Jun Murai, “Possibility of High Speed Network - World Expo,” Proc. APEC Symposium, Tsukuba, Mar. 1996.

[Murakami 1992] K. Murakami & T. Sugawara, "ISDN Internet for FIPTH: Fast IP to the Home," Proc. 1992 INET, Kobe, Jun. 1992.

[Murphy 2012] Barry Murphy, ISPMAP.CO.NZ, 2012.

[Murphy 2017] Julia Murphy and Max Roser, Internet, OurWorldinData.org, 2017.

[My 2010] MyPortableArena.com, Internet in Bangladesh, Jan. 2010. 

[M-Pesa 2020] M-Pesa, Wikipedia, 2020.

[Nakamoto 2008] Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System, 2008.

Nakayama 1993] Masaya Nakayama, "APNIC/APCCIRN Report," Sep. 1993.

[Nakayama 1993b] Masaya Nakayama, Archived Email, 2 Sep. 1993.

[NANOG 2013] North American Network Operators Group (NANOG), 2013.

[National 2015] National Museum of American History,  Internet Age: Founders to Future, 2015.6.1

[NationMaster 2012] NationMaster, Statistics on Bangladesh, 2012.

[NATO 2002] North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Computer Networking Panel Meeting in Kazakhstan, Jun. 2002.

[NATO 2012] NATO, Project Overview, The Virtual Silk Highway Project, 2012.

[NATO 2012b] NATO, SILK-Afghanistan, 2012.

[NaukaNet 2012] NaukaNet, 2012.

[Naughton 1999] John Naughton, A brief history of the future: Origin of the Internet, 1999.

[Naughton 2016] John Naughton, The evolution of the Internet, Journal of Cyber Policy, 2016.

[Nesnow 2018] 73 Mind-Blowing Implications of Driverless Cars and Trucks, Medium, 2018.

[NETmundial 2014] NETmundial, 2014.

[Network 1993] Network World, GOSIP Users Revolt, 1993.7.26.

[Nexon 2013] Nexon, Nexon Developers Conference, 2013. [in Korean]                                                

[Newman 2008] Keith Newman, Connecting the Clouds: the Internet in New Zealand, Activity Press, 2008.

[New Zealand 2012] New Zealand Internet History, 2012.

[Newspaperdesign 2010] Top Ten Indian Dailies: Readership Survey 2010 — Quarter 1, 13 Aug. 2010.

[NHN 2013] NHN, DEVIEW, 2013. [in Korean]

[NITC 2005] NITC Malaysia, Malaysian Information, Communications and Multimedia Services 886, 2005

[NIXI 2014] National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI), 2014.

[Norberg 1996] A.L. Norberg and J.E. O'Neill, Transforming Computer Technology, 1962-1986, John Hopkins University Press, 1996.

[NORDUnet 2012] NORDUnet, 2012.
[Norman 2018] Abby Norman, History of social media, Media, 2018.

[NORSAR 2014] NORSAR, History, 2014.

[NRO 2012] Number Resource Organization (NRO), 2012.

[NSF 1992] National Science Foundation, Award#9106198 - Pacific Communications Network, 1992.

[NSF 1997] NSF, Mongolia Surfs the NetFrontiers,  Mar. 1997.

[NSF 2000] National Science Foundation, Award#9876406 Hawaii High Performance Internet Connection, 2000.

[NSF 2003] NSF, "United States, Russia, China Link Up First Global-Ring Network for Advanced Science and Education Cooperation," Press Release, 22 Dec. 2003.

[NSF 2004] NSF, International Research Network Connections (IRNC) Program Solicitation, 2004. 

[NUS 1984] NUS/UNESCO Microcomputer Application Workshop, Singapore, Feb. 1984.

[NYT 2020] New York Times, The Virus Revealed Our Essential Tech (and Weeded Out the Excess), 2020.4.15.

[NZIX 2012] New Zealand Internet Exchanges (NZIX), 2012.

[OGAS 2012] Obchegosudarstvennaya Avtomatizirovannaya Sistema (OGAS), 2012. [in Russian]

[Ogden 1993] Jeff Ogden, Routing of FSU traffic on NSFNET Backbone Service, 12 Dec. 1993.

[OHI 2020] Oral History of the Internet, Cyberlabs.org, 2020

[Ohta 2013] Masataka Ohta, Internationalization (Draft), 2013.

[Oie 2001] Yuji Oie, Shigeki Goto, Shojiro Nishio, Hideo Miyahara, and Jun Murai, The Internet (Iwanami Lecture Series), Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, Mar. 2001.

[ookla 2014] ookla, NetIndex, 2014.

[Open 2013] Open Institute, Khmer Software Initiative, 2013.

[OpenNet 2012] OpenNet Initiative, 2012.

[Organization 2012] Organization of American States (OAS)Hemisphere-wide Inter-university Scientific and Technological Information Network – RedHUCyT2012.

[PacNOG 2013] The Pacific Network Operators Group (PacNOG)2013. 

[Palasri 1999] Sirin Palasri, Steven Huter, and Zita Wenzel, The History of the Internet in Thailand, University of Oregon Books, 1999.

[Palestine 2014] Palestine Academic Network (PLANET), 2014.
[Papua 2015] Papua New Guinea, Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband Market, Budole.com, 2015

[Park 1983] Sung Kyu Park, et al., A Study on Computer Architecture, KIET, March 1983, pp.1-30. [in Korean]
[Park 1993] 
Taeha Park and Kilnam Chon, “Korea Internetworking,” ISOC Newsletter, vol.2, no.3, 1993.

[Park 1993b] Taeha Park, "APCCIRN/APEPG Meeting Minutes,1993.12.10-11, Taipei," ANC-93-118/APCCIRN-041, Dec. 1993.

[Park 1993c] Taeha Park, Proposal for Distributed APNIC Operations,” APNIC-007, 8 Dec. 1993.

[Park 2002] Chanmo Park, "Internet Status," Proc. Academic Seminar on Korean Peninsula Internet Infrastructure Development, 2002.9.15. [in Korean]

[Park 2013] Chanmo Park, "Current Status of Internet in DPRK," KRNET, 2013.6.25. [also in youtube]

[Park 2015] HJ Park, Personal communication to Kilnam Chon (email), 2015.7.9.

[PCCS 1985] Pacific Computer Communications Symposium (PCCS), Seoul, Korea,  Oct. 1985. 

[Pelkey 2017] James Pelkey, History of Computer Communications: 1968-1988.

[Perigg 2017] Adrian Perrig, SCION: A secure internet architecture, 2017.

[Peter 2010] Ian Peter, Pegasus Launch 1989 Terania Creek - Early Internet, 2010.

[Peter 2012] Ian Peter, The Pegasus Story, 2012.

[Ploghoft 1993] Milton Ploghoft, African Education and Research Networks (AERN), 1993.

[Postel 1981] Jon Postel, “Assigned Numbers,” IETF RFC 790, Sep. 1981.

[Postel 1981b] Jon Postel, NCP/TCP Transition Plan, IETF RFC 801, Nov. 1981.

[Postel 1994] Jon Postel, "Domain Name System Structure and Delegation," IETF, RFC 1591, Mar. 1994.

[Pouzin 1973] Louis Pouzin, "Presentation and Major DesignAspects of the Cyclades Computer Network,” Proc. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Computer Communication Networks, 1973, pp.415–434.

[Pouzin 1973b] Louis Pouzin, "Interconnection of Packet Switching Networks," INWG Note 42, Oct. 1973.

[Press 1999] L. Press, J.R. Choudhury, and S. Goodman, “Against All Odds:  The Internet in Bangladesh,” OnTheInternet, vol. 5, no. 3, May/Jun. 1999, pp.32-37.

[Purdo 2011] Onno W. Purbo and Rahmat M. Samik-Ibrahim, History of Internet in Indonesia (Sejarah Internet Indonesia), Dec. 20, 2011.

[Quarterman 1986] John Quarterman and Josiah C. Hoskins, “Notable Computer Networks,” Communications of ACMvol.29, no.9, 1986, pp.932-971.

[Quarterman 1990] John Quarterman, The Matrix: Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems Worldwide, Digital Press, 1990. 

[Quarterman 1991] John Quarterman. “Networks in Argentina,” Matrix Newsvol.1, no.8, Dec.1991.

[Quaynor 2017] Nii Quaynor, The beginning of Internet in Africa, 2017.

[Radio 2012] Radio-MSU / RUHEP, 2012. [in Russian]

[Rahman 2010] H. Rahman, “e-Governance at the Grass Roots: SAARC Context,” Proc. the 4th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, Beijing, China, 2010.

[Raihan 2008] Ananya Raihan and Shah M. Ahsan Habib, “'.bd' Bangladesh,” Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007-2008SAGE Publications India, 2008. 

[Raihan 2010] Ananya Raihan, “'.bd' Bangladesh,” Digital review of Asia Pacific 2009-2010, SAGE Publications India, 2010.

[Ramani 1981] Srinivasan Ramani, Proceedings of IFIP Conference on Networks 80, Bombay(Mumbai), North Holland/Elsevier, 1981.

[Ramani 2011] Srinivasan Ramani, "Bringing the Internet to India," in Netchakra: Fifteen Years of the Intenet in India: Retrospective and Roadmap,  Madanmohan Rao and Osama Manzoo, Eds., Digital Empowerment Foundation, Delhi, Nov. 2011.

[Renaud 1992] Pascal REnaud and Monique Michaux, Rio: An operational network in 6 sub-Saharan countries, INET Proceedings, 1992.

[RAO 2012] RAO UES of Russia, History of the Company, 2012.

[Rashad 2014] Mohamed Rashad, History of the Internet in Egypt, 2014.

[Ratnayake 2007] Nimal Ratnayake, "Enhancing R&E Connectivity to and within South Asia Country Report: Sri Lanka," presented at Planning Meeting: Enhancing Research and Education Connectivity to and within South Asia, Arlington,  Apr. 2007.

[RBnet 2012] Russian Backbone Network (RBNnet), 2012.

[REANNZ 2012] Research and Education Advanced Network New Zealand (REANNZ), 2012.

[RedCLARA 2012] RedCLARA, 2012.

[RELARN 1994] RELARN, Newsletter of the Association RELARN, 1994.

[RELARN 2012] RELARN (Russian Electronic  Academic and Research Network Association), 2012.

[Relcom 2012] Relcom, Relcom History, 2012.

[Reynold 1990] J. Reynold and J. Postel, "Assigned Numbers," IETF, RFC 1060, Mar. 1990.

[RightsCon 2020] RightsCon, 2020.

[Rioja 2015] Dorian Zapata Rioja, Internet Governance from a global south persepctive, U. of Wroclaw, Poland, 2015.
[RIPE 1990] RIPE, Minutes of RIPE 4, 22-23 Mar. 1990.

[RIPE 1992] RIPE, RIPE NCC Quarterly Report, Issue 2, Sep. 1992.

[RIPE 1995] RIPE, Minutes of RIPE 20 Meeting, Amsterdam, Jan. 1995.

[RIPE 2012] Réseaux IP Européens (RIPE), 2012.

[RIPN 2007] RIPN, “GLORIAD: USA-Russia Lightpath Enables Fast Data Transfer of Terabyte-sized Scientific Datasets,” Press Release, 15 Jun. 2007.

[RIPN 2007b] RIPN, “USA and Russian GLORIAD Partnership Building International Geoscience Collaboration,” Press Release, 26 Sep. 2007.

[RIPN 2007c] RIPN, "SAGE-enabled Cyberspace Demonstration over GLORIAD Takes Place as Part of Sputnik Celebration," Press Release, 2007.

[RIPN 2012] RIPN, Russian Institute for Public Networks, 2012.

[Roberts 1970] Lawrence G. Roberts and Barry D. Wessler, "Computer Network Development to Achieve Resource Sharing," Proc. AFIPS '70, May 1970.

[Roberts 1995] Lawrence G. Roberts, The ARPANET & Computer Networks, 1995.5.

[Ronaghan 2002] Stephen A. Ronaghan, “Benchmarking E-government: A Global Perspective-Assessing the UN Member States,” UN DPEPA and ASPA, New York, May 2002. 

[Rony 2013] E. Rony and P. Rony, The Domain Name Handbook, 2013.

[Rostelecom 2012] Rostelecom, Company History, 2012.

[RRCKI 2012] RRCKI, National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 2012.

[RSSI 1999] Russian Space Science Internet (RSSI), 1999.

[RU 2012] History of the Internet in Russia: People/Certificates, 2012. [in Russian]

[RUHEP 2012] RUHEP, RUHEP Goals, History & Structure, 2012.

[Ruizendaal 2016] Paul Ruizendaal, Early Unix Networking, Internet History Mailing List, 2016.

[RUNnet 2012] RUNnet, Federal University Computer Network in Russia, 2012. [in Russian]

[Russell 2006] Andrew Russell, "Rough Consensus and Running Code, and the Internet-OSI Standards War," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 28, no. 3, Jul.-Sep. 2006, pp.48-61.

[Russell 2013] Andrew Russell, "OSI: The Internet that Wasn't," IEEE Spectrum, Jul. 2013.

[Russell 2019] Stuart Russell, Human Compatible, 2019]

[Saheed 2011] Zulfath Saheed, Sri Lanka Mobile Internet Usage Poised for Growth: Nielsen, 2011.

[Samik-Ibrahim 1995] Rahmat M. Samik-Ibrahim, UUCP-Map, Pamulang, Indonesia, Aug 1995. 

[SANOG 2013] South Asian Network Operators Group (SANOG), 2013.

[Savage 2015] John Savage and Bruce McConnell, Exploring multistakeholder Internet governance, East West Institute, 2015.

[Schewab 2011] Klaus Schwab, Ed., World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011, Geneva:World Economic Forum, 2010.  

[SchoolNet 2013] SchoolNet, SchoolNet Learning Management System, 2013.

[Semenyuk 1994] Igor V. Semenyuk, “SOVAM TELEPORT: Wide Range of Telecommunication Services,” Proc. NATO Advanced Networking WorkshopMoscow, 1994. 

[Selvi 2012] Dr. V. Darling Selvi, "IT Enabled Banking Services in the Globalized Era," International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 2, no. 5, May 2012.

[Sen 2011] Sahin Sen, “Stunning Data on Use of Internet in Turkey,” TTNET Blog, 2011. [in Turkish]

[Seo 2002] Bohyun Seo, et al., "KISDI Annual Reports on TEIN and International Information Infrastructure: 2001-2002," KISDI,  2002.[in Korean]

[Seo 2005] Bohyun Seo, et al., "Important Environments of International Research and Development Networks and the Direction of Enhancement of APII and TEIN," KISDI Issue Report, 05-17, Nov. 2005. [in Korean]

[Severance 2015] Charles Severance, Internet History, Technology and Security, CourseTalk.com (Coursera), 2015.2.

[Shannon 1948] Claude E. Shannon, “A Mathematical Theory of Communication,” Bell System Technical Journal, vol. 27, Oct. 1948, pp. 623–656.

[Shantou 2018] CyberlabOral History of the Internet, WSIS Forum, 2018.3.19-23. [youtube]

[Shaw 1995] A. Shaw, Academic and research networking in South Africa, 1995(?).

[Shock 1979] John Shock and Lawrence Stuart, Interconnecting local network with packet radio network, ACM SIGCOMM, 1979.

[Shrum 2007] Wesley Shrum, Past, Present & Future of Research in the Information Society, Springer, 2007.

[Simon 2006] Craig Simon, "Launching the DNS War: Dot-Com Privatization and the Rise of Global Internet Governance," Ph.D Thesis, U. of Miami, Dec. 2006.

[Sigalov 2001] Sigalov A., “Education and Internet,”  Computer-Inform, 2001. [in Russian]

[SILK 2010] The SILK Project, The Virtual SILK Highway, September 2001~June 2010, 2010.

[Singer 2018] P.W. Singer, Like War: The Weaponization of Social Media, 2018.

[Smithsonian 2015] Smithsonian, Internet Age: Founders to Future, National Museum of American History, 2015-6-11.

[Social 2020] Social Media, Wikipedia, 2020. 

[SOI 2013] School on Internet Asia (SOI), 2012.

[St. George 1993] Art St. George, "INET'93 (Network Training for Developing Countries)," RIPE NCC, 3 Feb. 1993.

[Stanton 1993] Michael Stanton, “Non-Commercial Networking in Brazil,” Proc. 1993 INET, San Francisco, Aug. 1993. 

[StarLigtht 2012] StarLight, Starlight: The Optical STAR TAP, 2012.

[Sterba 1993] Milan Sterba, "An Overview of East and Central European Networking Activities," RIPE-86, May 1993.

[Stover 2010] Cathrin Stöver and Michael Stanton, "Regional Perspectives," iA History of International Research Networking, Howard Davies and Beatrice Bressan, Eds.Wiley-VCH, 2010, pp. 204-214.

[Sullivan 2019] Mark Sullivan, 50 years ago today, the internet was born in room 3420, Fast Company, 2019-10-29.

[SURFnet 2012] SURFnet2012.

[SUT 2012] St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, Participation in the Establishment of EASC (1963-91), 2012.  [in Russian]

[SWCC 2012] Summer Workshop on Computer Communications (SWCC), 2012.

[Tabarovsky 1992] Oleg Tabarovsky, Notes on Some TCP/IP WAN Activities in xSU, 28 Sep. 1992.

[Tan 1997] Bernard Tan, The Origins of the Internet in Singapore, 1997.

[TCP Forty 2015] 40th Anniversary of TCP/IP, 2014.5.10. [video]

[Tedja 1986] A. Tedja, B. Somali and J. Luhukay, "Development of an Inter-Campus Network: The Indonesian Case," Proc. International Information Management Conference '86, Singapore, 1986.

[Tegmark 2017] Max Tegmark, Life 3.0, 2017.

[Telecom 2011] Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, “Consultation Paper on Mobile Value Added Services (MVAS),” Consultation Paper No.: 5/2011, Jul. 2011. 

[Telecom 2012] Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, “Telecom Sector in India: A Decadal Profile,” National Council of Applied Economic Research, 2012.

[TERENA 2012] Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association (TERENA), 2012.

[TERENA 2013] TERENA, NREN Compendium, 2013.

[Teshigawara 1976] Yoshimi Teshigawara, "Computer Networks in Japan," ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communications Review, Jul. 1976.

[THINK 2002] THINK Protocols, A Technical History of CYCLADES, University of Texas, 2002.

[THOCP 2012] THOCP, History of the Internet 1957-1976, 2012.

[Tianbai 1998] Qian Tianbai and Werner Zorn, “Die Entwicklung des Internet in China,” China-Report, Baden Württembergische China Gesellschaft, Jun. 1998. [in German]

[TM 2010] TM, “Everyone Connects," Telekom Malaysia Berhad 2010 Annual Report, 2010.

[Translight 2007] TransLight, USA and Russian GLORIAD Partnership Building Lightpath for International Geoscience Collaboration,”  24 Sep. 2007.

[TTK 2012] TTK, TransTeleCom, 2012.

[TTK 2012b] TTK, Introduction, 2012.

[Turkish 2009] Turkish Statistical Institute, Annual Industry and Service Statistics, 2009.

[Uber 2020] Uber, Wikipedia, 2020.

[UbuntuNet 2012] UbuntuNet Alliance, 2012.

[UCLA 2019] UCLA, 50th Anniversary of ARPANET, 2019.

[Ui 2006] Takaharu Ui, Japanese Domain Names (Nihongo Domeinmei), Impress R&D, Tokyo, 2006. [in Japanese]

[Uklabim 2012] Uklabim, ULAKNET Past, 2012.

[USAID 2012] U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), 2012.

[van 2010] Barbara van Schewick, Internet architecture and innovation, MIT Press, 2010.

[Vasenin 1999] Valerii Vasenin, Steve Goldstein, Alexei Platonov, Natasha Bulashova, Konstantin Scherbatyhk, Michael Kulagin, Joe Gipson, and Greg Cole, “MirNET: Linking Russian and American Science Using Next-Generation Networking Technologies,” Proc. 1999 INET, Poster, San Jose, 1999. 

[Vasilyev 1994] Vladimir N.Vasilyev, Valery A.Vasenin, Yuri G.Kirchin, Yuri V.Gugel, Andrei M.Robachevsky, RUNNET Federal University Network of Russia,” Proc. NATO Advanced Networking Workshop, Moscow, Russia, Sep. 1994, pp.4-16.

[Vasilyev 1995] Vladimir N. Vasilyev, Yuri V. Gugel, Yuri G. Kirchin, and Andrei M. Robachevsky, “RUNNet - Federal University Network of Russia," Proc. 1995 INET, Honolulu, Jul. 1995.

[Vea 2013] Andreu Vea, Como creamos internet (in Spanish; interviews), 2013.

[VEGA 1994] VEGA, Proceedings of NATO Advanced Networking Workshop, Moscow, 1994.

[Videsh 2000] Videsh Sanchar Nigam, "Annual Report 1999-2000," Videsh Sanchar Nigam, 2000.

[Visual 2020] Visual Capitalist, Ranked: Most Valuable Brands in the World, 2020.

[VINITI 2012] VINITI, All Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2012. [in Russian]

[Virtual 2012] Virtual Bangladesh, 2012.

[W3C 2013] World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), 2013.

[Waikato 2012] Waikato Linux User Group, New Zealand Internet History2012.

[Waldrop 2001] Mitchell Waldrop, The Dream Machine: JCR Licklider and the Revolution that Made Computing Personal, Viking Penguin, 2001.

[WebArchive 2012] WebArchive, The 2nd Asia Pacific Next Generation Camp, 2012.

[Weber 2017] Marc Weber, Born in a van: Happy 40th birthday to the Internet, 2017.11.22.

[Webhosting 2010] Webhosting, 2010.

[WIC 2020] World Internet Conference (WIC), Wuzhen, 2020.

[WIDE 1999] WIDE, "History of WIDE Project for 10 Years," Internet Magazine, Jan. 1999. [in English and Japanese]

[WIDE 2009] WIDE Project, How was the Internet created in Japan?, Impress R&D, Tokyo, 2009. [in Japanese]

[WIDE 2012] WIDE, Internet Week, 2012.

[Wikipedia 2012] Wikipedia, Internet in Russia, 2012.

[Wikipedia 2012b] Wikipedia, UUCP, 2012.

[Wikipedia 2012c] Wikipedia, Donald Davies, 2012.

[Wikipedia 2012d] Wikipedia, 2012.

[Wikipedia 2013] Wikipedia, Jon Postel, Feb. 2013.

[Wikipedia 2013b] Wikipedia, Jun Murai, Feb. 2013.

[Wikipedia 2013c] Wikipedia, 2013.

[WIWIW 2012] Who is Who in the Internet World (WIWIW)
, wiwiw.org, 2012.

[WMC 2020] World Mobile Conference (WMC), Barcelona, 2020.

[Wong 1995] Pindar Wong, "Launching Internet Services in Asia: The Hong Kong Experience," Proc. 1995 INET, Honolulu, 1995.

[Wong 2003] Lawrence Wong, “History of Internet in Singapore,” 16th APAN Meetings, Busan, 2003.

[World 2011] World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report, 2010-2011, 2011.

[World 2013] The World Bank, Internet User (per 100 people), 2013.

[WSIS 2005] WSIS, Tunis Agenda for the Information Society, 2005.

[WSIS 2018] WSIS Forum, Oral History of the Internet, WSIS 1315, 2018.3.19-23.  [youtube]

[WWTLD 1998] World Wide Top Level Domains (WWTLD), 1998. (same as [Chon 1998])

[Wu 2003] Tim Wu, Network Neutrality, Broadband Discrimination, 2003.

[Wu 2018] Tim Wu, Curse of Bigness, 2018.

[X25 2011]  x.25 NetworksNetwork IASNET Part 1, May 2011.

[Yamaguchi 1990] S. Yamaguchi, K. Okayama & H. Miyahara, "Design and implementation of an authentication system in WIDE internet environment," Proc. IEEE TENCON'90, Hong Kong, Sep. 1990, pp.653-657.

[Yuderi 1997] Tolga Yurderi, "Internet Development in Turkey: A Case Study,Proc. 1997 INET, Kuala Lumpur, Jun. 1997.

[Zakon 1997] R. Zakon, “Hobbes’ Internet Timeline,” IETF, RFC 2235, Nov. 1997.

[Zakon 2015] R. H. Zakon, Hobbes Internet Timeline, 2015.

[Zhang 2006] Lixia Zhang, "Interview with Lixia Zhang," IETF Journal, 2006.

[Zhu 1996] Haifen Zhu, et al., "Chinese Character Encoding for Internet Messages," IETF RFC 1922, Mar. 1996.

[Zorn 1988] Werner Zorn, "Wie China mit den internationalen Rechnernetzen verbunden wurde", PIK-Praxis der Informationsverarbeitung und Kommunikation, 1988. [in German]

[Zorn 2005] Werner Zorn, China: How Was Connected to the International Computer Networks2005. (English version of [Zorn 1998], revised in 2005)

[Zorn 2007] Werner Zorn, “How China Was Connected to the International Computer Networks,” The Amateur Computerist, vol.15, no.2, 2007, pp.36-49.