ccTLD: TR (the date of ccTLD delegation: 1904-09-17)

Population (Year)

67.803.927 (2000) 74,724,269 (2011)

Internet Population (Year)

2,000,000 (2000) 35,000,000 (2010)

Broadband Population (Year)

Total broadband: 8,516,898

Fixed broadband: 7,068,878

3G subscriptions: 19,400,000

IP Address Allocation (Year):

Number of IPv4 addresses: 15 357 952 (2012)

Number of IPv6/48s: 3 342 341 (2012)

5 popular websites (by alexa-June 2012)







[Atici 2010] B. Atici, "Information Society Statistics and Indicators: A Case Study of Turkey," African Journal of Business Management, vol.4, no.7, July 2010, pp. 1363-1371.

[Atasoy 2011] Hilal Atasoy, "ICT Use and Labor: Firm-Level Evidence from Turkey," NET Institute Working Paper No. 11-23, Oct. 2011. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1958037

[Burham 2007] J. B. Burnham, "Telecommunications policy in Turkey: Dismantling barriers to growth," Telecommunications Policy, v.31, no.3–4, April–May 2007, pp.197–208. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308596107000109

[CSS 1997] CSS INET-TR, PART 2: WHAT IS THE INTERNET? - Internet in Turkey, 1997. http://www.po.metu.edu.tr/links/inf/css25/bolum2.html [in Turkish]

[Information 2011] Information and Communication Technologies Authority, Annual Report 2010, Ankara:ICTA, 2010.

[METU-CC 2005] METU-CC, Internet History, http://www.internetarsivi.metu.edu.tr/tarihce.php, 2005. [in Turkish]

[Sen 2011] Sahin Sen, “Stunning Data on Use of Internet in Turkey,” TTNET Blog, 2011. http:// http://blog.ttnet.com.tr/turkiye%E2%80%99de-internet-kullanimiyla-ilgili-carpici-veriler/ [in Turkish]

[Schewab 2011] Klaus Schwab (Eds.), World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011, Geneva:World Economic Forum, 2010. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2010-11.pdf.

[Sen 2011] Sahin Sen, “Stunning Data on Use of Internet in Turkey,” TTNET Blog, 2011. http://blog.ttnet.com.tr/turkiye%E2%80%99de-internet-kullanimiyla-ilgili-carpici-veriler/ [in Turkish].

[Turkish 2009] Turkish Statistical Institute, Annual Industry and Service Statistics, 2009. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/

[Uklabim 2012] Uklabim, ULAKNET past, http://www.ulakbim.gov.tr/hakkimizda/tarihce/ulaknet/dunbugun.uhtml

[Webhosting 2010] Webhosting.Info, Webhosting.Info, http://www.webhosting.info/, 2010.

[Yuderi 1997] Tolga Yurderi, "Internet development in Turkey: A case study," Proc. 1997 INET, Kuala Lumpur, June 1997. http://www.isoc.org/inet97/proceedings/E3/E3_3.HTM.


[under construction]

Updated: 2013.4.19

Contact sec at InternetHistory.asia for further information.