Timeline (Africa)

Timeline of Internet History of Africa and World

World Africa
 1970  NPL Data Communications Network 
 1971  Tymnet
 1972  ARPANET Demonstration at ICCC 
Int'l Network Working Group (INWG)
 1973  ARPANET Extension to UK and Norway
 Cyclades, France
 1974  Ethernet 
 1979  UUCPNET
 IAB (originally ICCB)
 1980  Usenet
 4000~5000 Users with Over 66 Nodes
 1981  CSNET
 International Academic NetWorkshop (IANW) 
 IPv4 Deployment
 Separation of MILNET from ARPANET
 1984 JANET, UK
 DNS Deployment
 Pacific Computer Comm. Symposium (PCCS)
 2000 Hosts
 1986  IETF
 Commercial IP Routers (Cisco, Proteon)
 Brain (computr
e virus)
 RIO Project
 1987  10,000 Hosts Connected to Internet                               
Commercial Internet Service Provider (UUnet) 
 Morris Worm                                                            
 Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) 
 CERT Coordination Center
  "Ivory Coast" Participation to Int'l Academic Networkshop"
  Mail Link (South Africa-USA)
 100,000 Hosts Connected to Internet UUCP Link (South Africa-USA)
 RIOnet (1989-1995)
 ARPANET Phaseout                                                
 3 Million Internet Users
 ccTLD delegations (.za/http://iana.org/reports/2005/za-report-05aug05.pdf, .eg, .za,..)
 IP Link (South African Universities)
 1991  INET, Copenhagen  RINAF Project
 First Developing Country Workshop (Copenhagen) Participation
 IP links (Tunisia,...)
 Internet Society
 One Million Computers Connected to Internet 
 First Bitnet Node(Tunisia)?
 AERN (African Educational Research Network)
 1993  InterNIC
 NIST Approval of TCP/IP as GOSIP Alternative
 Commercial ISP (TICSA, South Africa)
 1994  WWW Consortium (W3C) 
 Africa Online
 20 Countries with FidoNet sites (in Africa)
 1995  NSFNET Phaseout
 Windows95 (with TCP/IP)
  Ad hoc African Internet Meetings, Honolulu INET
 1996  Internet World Exposition
 International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) 
  First African Network Symposium, INET'96, Montreal
  Second African Network Symposium, INET'97, Kuala Lumpur
 Int'l Forum on the White Paper (IFWP)                
  Conference on Internet Governance, Cotonou
 IPv6 Deployment
 Multilingual Internet Name Consortium 
  4.5 Million Internet Users
  ICANN Meeting, Cairo
  Wikipedia EUMEDconnect
 100 Million Internet Users AfTLD
 6.866 Million Internet Users (penetration rate: 0.8%)
 SQL Slammer Worm
 WSIS, Geneva 
 10 million Internet Users
 WSIS, Tunis     
 UbuntuNet Alliance
 WSIS, Tunis
 African Research and Education Networking, Geneva
 One Billion Internet Users                                       
 Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
 AWS (Amazon)
 2007  Smart Phone (iPhone)
 Android OS
 Blockchain with Bitcoin
 100 Million Websites with Apache                           
 One ZB Data/Year (IDC)
 IGF, Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt
 100 million Internet Users
 Two Billion Internet Users
 IPv4 Exhaustion at IANA
 Cyberspace Conference, London
 2 Million Monthly New Malware Samples (McAfee) 
 2012  WCIT-2012, Geneva                                                       
 Facebook with One Billion Users
 Africa Internet Summit
 Snowden Revelations
 One Billion Messaging Users in the World
 200,000 Daily New Malware Samples (Kaspersky)
 African Declaration of Internet Rights
 2014  IANA Transfer Announcement on 2015 Transfer
 NETmundial, Sao Paulo
 Marco Civil
 3 Billion Internet Users
 Ten ZB Data Created Per Year (IDC)
 10 Billion (or 13 Billion) IoT Devices
 1 Billion WeChat Accounts
  IANA Transfer
 Netflix with 75 Million Users in 190+ Countries
 Mirai, First IoT DDoS
  Facebook with 2 Billion Users
 Digital Currencies Valued over 0.5 Trillion Dollars
 4 Billion Internet Users (52% penetration)
 WannaCry Malware
  GDPR African Internet Exchange System Project (AXIS)
  5G Deployment
 Trillion Dollar Companies (Apple, MS; Google, Amazon)
  Digital Tax
WhatsUp with 2 Billion Users
 2 Trillion Dollar Company (Apple)
 556 million Internet users (penetration rate: 42.2%)

Issue: When were the following systems deployed in Africa?
                   FidoNet, UUCPnet, Bitnet, REN, national CERT, website,...


Internet Society, History of Internet in Africa, 2010s.
  InternetWorldStats.com (with Archive.org on the past webpages in 2001-)
  B. Leiner, Brief History of the Internet, 1997 from Internet Society, or 2000s from ACM).


Organization List (from AREN 2005, and "African Internet Report" from Internet Society 2010s))

Acacia - Making ICTs more affordable and increasing access in Africa

Advancing ICT knowledge in Africa (AITEC)

African Development Bank (AFDB)

African Development Education Network (ADEN)

African Internet Exchange System Project (AXIS)

African Internet Society Initiative (AISI)

African ISP Association (Afrispa)

African Registrar (AfRegistrar)

African Satellite Corporation

African Telecommunications Union (ATU)

African Union (AU)

African Internet Connectivity (AIC)

African Virtual University (AVU)

Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie (AIF)

Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF)

Alcatel-Space Satellite Program

Assistance for the Development of Telecommunications Industry in Africa (INDAFTEL)

Association of African Universities (AAU)

Association of African Universities - Database of African Theses and Dissertations (DATAD)

AUF - Campus Numerique / Digital Campus

Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa (CATIA)

Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA)

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

Coordination and Modernizing of Technological Higher Education Institutions in Cameroun (COMETES)

Connectivity Africa


The Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS)

EuropeAid Co-operation Office

UK Department for International Development (DFID)

The Digital Opportunity Task Force (DOT)

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

Euro-Mediterranean Internet Satellite Platform for Health, medical Education and Research (EMISPHER)

Developing Information Society in the Mediterranean Region (EUMEDIS)

Linking Mediterranean Research and Educational Communities to Europe (EUMEDCONNECT)

Global Development Learning Network (GDLN)

Global Virtual University (GVU)

Global VSAT Forum (GVF)

Increasing Bandwidth for African University Development (IBAUD)

The Information for Development Program (infoDev)

Internet Society’s Workshop Resource Center (ISOC)

Internet Society’s workshops in LDC countries

Informaticiens sans Frontieres/Software without borders (ISF)

Institut francophone des Nouvelles Technologies de l’InFormation (INTIF)

International Development Association (IDA)

International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD)

International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)

ITU’s Regional Office for Africa (ITU-Telecommunication Development Bureau)

Kalitel (Turkish Satellite Operator offering special tariff to non-profit organizations)

Support for higher-education institutions, setting-up of an extranet between Madagascar’s six Universities (MADSUP)

Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM)

The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)

NEPAD’s e-Africa Commission

The Nelson Mandela Institute (NMI)

NMI’s African Institute of Science and Technology (AIST)

NMI’s Sub-Saharan African Learning Network (SSALN),

High capacity connectivity between the USA and Africa (NECTARNET)

The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)

Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

The Pan-African Virtual Internet Exchange Point initiative (PAVIX)

Regional African Satellite Communications Organization (RASCOM)

The Regional Information Society Network for Africa (RINAF)

The Partnership for Higher Education in Africa

"RESeau Africain de Formation A Distance) / African Network for Distance Learning (RESAFAD)

The Southern Africa Regional Universities Association (SARUA)

SchoolNet South Africa

Schoolnet Uganda

SchoolNet Africa

South Africa’s Tertiary Education Network (TENET)

UNDP Africa support to ICT for development (IIA)

UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

UN University (UNU)


World Association of Industrial and Technological Research Organizations (WAITRO)

World Telecom Development Conference (WTDC)

World Links for Development Program (WBI)