Year Table (Africa)

Year Table of Internet History of Asia, World and Africa

YearAsiaWorld Africa
 1970  NPL Data Communications Network 
 1971  Tymnet
 1972  ARPANET Demonstration at ICCC 
Int'l Network Working Group (INWG)
 1973  ARPANET Extension to UK and Norway
 Cyclades, France
 1974  Ethernet 
 1979  UUCPNET
 IAB (originally ICCB)
 1980 ACSNET, Australia
 Networks-80, India
 4000~5000 Users with Over 66 Nodes
 1981 N1net, Japan CSNET
 1982 IPv4 Network (SDN), South Korea International Academic NetWorkshop (IANW) 
 1983 UUCPNET/Usenet in Asia, South Korea
 CSNET in Asia (Israel)
 IPv4 Deployment
 Separation of MILNET from ARPANET
 1984 NUS/UNESCO Workshop, Singapore
 1985  BITNET in Asia, Japan DNS Deployment
 Pacific Computer Comm. Symposium (PCCS)
 1986 ccTLDs in Asia
 Int'l Academic NetWorkshop-AsiaPacific
 Joint Workshop on Computer Communications
 SDN Workshop (changed to WCCW, SWCC)
 Commercial IP Routers (Cisco, Proteon)
 Brain (computer virus)

 1987  10,000 Hosts Connected to Internet                               
Commercial Internet Service Provider (UUnet) 
 1988 WIDE Project
 Morris Worm                                                            
 Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) 
 CERT Coordination Center
  "Ivory Coast" Participation to Int'l Academic Networkshop
 1989 PAcific Computer COMm Project (PACCOM)
Int'l Academic NetWorkshop (IANW), Sydney
 Commercial ISP (Pegasus, Australia)
 100,000 Hosts Connected to Internet 
 1990 IP Meeting, Japan (changed to Internet Week) ARPANET Phaseout                                                
 3 Million Internet Users
 "African Internet Group Meeting"
 First ccTLD delegations (.za, .eg,..)?

 1991 APNG (orignally APCCIRN)
 CAREN (Consortium of Asian R&E Network)
 INET, Copenhagen  RINAF Project
 Developing Country Workshop (Copenhagen) Participation
 1992 INET, Kobe Internet Society
 One Million Computers Connected to Internet 
 Bitnet (Tunisia)
 AERN (African Educational Research Network)
 1993 JPNIC (originally JNIC)
 APNIC Pilot Project 
 IETF RFC  (JapanSouth Korea)
 NIST Approval of TCP/IP as GOSIP Alternative
 1994 Interop, Tokyo WWW Consortium (W3C) 
 Africa Online
 UUCPnet (Tunisia)?
 1995 APNIC
 NSFNET Phaseout
 Windows95 (with TCP/IP)
 "Ad hoc African Internet Meetings", Honolulu INET (nii,...)
 1996 APRICOT, Singapore  Internet World Exposition
 International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) 
 1997 APAN
 TransPac Project
 M Root Server, Japan 
 ThruNet, South Korea
 Naver, South Korea
 1998 APTLD (originally APccTLD)
 Singapore-MIT Alliance(Remote Class)
 Int'l Forum on the White Paper (IFWP)                
  Conference on Internet Governance, Cotonou
 1999 First ICANN Meeting, Singapore 
 Remote Intercontinental Class (USA-Japan) 
 Alibaba, China
 Tencent, China
 SayClub, and Cyworld, South Korea
 IPv6 Deployment
 2000 Trans-Eurasia Information Network(TEIN)
 AP* Retreat
 Baidu, China
 Chinese Domain Name Consortium (CDNC)
 Multilingual Internet Name Consortium 
  4 million Internet Users
  ICANN Meeting, Cairo
 2001 School on Internet (SOI) Asia 
 Asia PKI Consortium (originally Asia PKI Forum)
  Wikipedia EUMEDconnect
 2002 APCERT
 APNG Camp, Bangkok
 IETF, Yokohama
 Silk Programme
 100 Million Internet Users AfTLD?
 2003 SANOG SQL Slammer Worm
 WSIS, Geneva 
 2004 GLORIAD (China, Russia, South Korea)
 10 million Internet Users
 WSIS, Tunis                                                             UbuntuNet 
 WSIS, Tunis
 African Research and Education Networking, Geneva
 2006 DotAsia One Billion Internet Users                                       
 Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
 2007 SIGCOMM, Kyoto Smart Phone (iPhone)
 Android OS
 IGF, Hyderabad 
 Africa Asia Forum on Network Res. & Eng.
 China: Largest Internet User Population (220m)
 Blockchain and Bitcoin
 2009 Interop, Mumbai
 Weibo, China
 Central Asia Res. & Edu. Network (CAREN)
 100 Million Websites with Apache                           
 IGF, Sharm el Sheikh
 2010 APrIGF
 Asia Cloud Computing Association (ACCA)
 100 million Internet Users
 2011 One Billion Internet Users in Asia
 IPv4 Exhaustion at APNIC
 Asia Internet History Project
 Two Billion Internet Users
 IPv4 Exhaustion at IANA
 Cyberspace Conference, London
 2 Million Monthly New Malware Samples (McAfee) 
 2012 Didi Chuxing, China WCIT-2012, Geneva                                                       
 Facebook with One Billion Users
 Africa Internet Summit
 2013 One Billion Messaging Users in Asia

 Snowden Revelations
 One Billion Messaging Users in the World
 200,000 Daily New Malware Samples (Kaspersky)
 African Declaration of Internet Rights
 2014  World Internet Conference, Wuzhen, China IANA Transfer Announcement on 2015 Transfer
 NETmundial, Sao Paulo
 Marco Civil
 3 Billion Internet Users
 2015 APSIG
 Internet Museum, China
 10 Billion (or 13 Billion) IoT Devices
 1 Billion WeChat Accounts
  IPv6 Reaches 12% (among Google Users)
 Netflix with 75 Million Users in 190+ Countries

Issue List (need to verify ones marked with red.)

 1. First IPv4 deployment 
 2. First IPv6 deployment
 3. First "FIRST" member -- before 2006
 4. List of countries/participants to First Developing Country Workshop in 1991, Denmark. 
    Check with abba or trumpy.
 5. First commercial ISP.
 6. First commercial WSP.
 7. when was 1 million Internet users; sometime in late 1990s/early 2000s?
 8. First CERT organizations (south africa, tunisia,egypt,...)
 9. First Internet Exchange 
10. First Website
11. Intercontinental Initiatives: France/Rio?, Italy/RINAF, UK/?, USA/Leland(?),


Pascal Renaud and M. Michaux, RIO: An open net in six sub-saharan countries.
A. Shaw, Academic and Research Networking in South Africa, UNINET.

Reference/Organization List
(from AREN, 2005)

Acacia - Making ICTs more affordable and increasing access in Africa

Advancing ICT knowledge in Africa (AITEC)

African Development Bank (AFDB)

African Development Education Network (ADEN)

African Internet Society Initiative (AISI)

African ISP Association (Afrispa)

African Satellite Corporation

African Telecommunications Union (ATU)

African Union (AU)

African Internet Connectivity (AIC)

African Virtual University (AVU)

Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie (AIF)

Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF)

Alcatel-Space Satellite Program

Assistance for the Development of Telecommunications Industry in Africa (INDAFTEL)

Association of African Universities (AAU)

Association of African Universities - Database of African Theses and Dissertations (DATAD)

AUF - Campus Numerique / Digital Campus

Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa (CATIA)

Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA)

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

Coordination and Modernizing of Technological Higher Education Institutions in Cameroun (COMETES)

Connectivity Africa

The Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS)

EuropeAid Co-operation Office

UK Department for International Development (DFID)

The Digital Opportunity Task Force (DOT)

The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

Euro-Mediterranean Internet Satellite Platform for Health, medical Education and Research (EMISPHER)

Developing Information Society in the Mediterranean Region (EUMEDIS)

Linking Mediterranean Research and Educational Communities to Europe (EUMEDCONNECT)

Global Development Learning Network (GDLN)

Global Virtual University (GVU)

Global VSAT Forum (GVF)

Increasing Bandwidth for African University Development (IBAUD)

The Information for Development Program (infoDev)

Internet Society’s Workshop Resource Center (ISOC)

Internet Society’s workshops in LDC countries

Informaticiens sans Frontieres/Software without borders (ISF)

Institut francophone des Nouvelles Technologies de l’InFormation (INTIF)

International Development Association (IDA)

International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD)

International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)

ITU’s Regional Office for Africa (ITU-Telecommunication Development Bureau)

Kalitel (Turkish Satellite Operator offering special tariff to non-profit organizations)

Support for higher-education institutions, setting-up of an extranet between Madagascar’s six Universities (MADSUP)

Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM)

The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)

NEPAD’s e-Africa Commission

The Nelson Mandela Institute (NMI)

NMI’s African Institute of Science and Technology (AIST)

NMI’s Sub-Saharan African Learning Network (SSALN),

High capacity connectivity between the USA and Africa (NECTARNET)

The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)

Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

The Pan-African Virtual Internet Exchange Point initiative (PAVIX)

Regional African Satellite Communications Organization (RASCOM)

The Regional Information Society Network for Africa (RINAF)

The Partnership for Higher Education in Africa

"RESeau Africain de Formation A Distance) / African Network for Distance Learning (RESAFAD)

The Southern Africa Regional Universities Association (SARUA)

SchoolNet South Africa

Schoolnet Uganda

SchoolNet Africa

South Africa’s Tertiary Education Network (TENET)

UNDP Africa support to ICT for development (IIA)

UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

UN University (UNU)


World Association of Industrial and Technological Research Organizations (WAITRO)

World Telecom Development Conference (WTDC)

World Links for Development Program (WBI)